Percent THC CBD with Grow Buddy Pro™ Test Kit

Determine Percent THC CBD Test Kit Grow Buddy Pro 

BUY NOW! Learn what percent THC CBD with Grow Buddy Pro USPS Priority Mail

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Contents for Grow Buddy Pro THC CBD test kit:

4 THC CBD CBN Preloaded T.L..C plates for 4 samples per plate. BEST for THC CBD percent quantification!
1 Container of coloring dye powder
1 Bottle of test fluid
1 Developing container/jar
20 Small plastic reaction tubes
1 Reaction tube rack
10 Capillary tubes
1 Capillary tube extraction bulb
1 Glass pipette assembly – 1 microliter
1 Spray bottle
1 Pair protective gloves
1 User’s manual

Grow Buddy Pro

#1 Collect/Select your samples for analysis.

Use the Grow Buddy Pro supplies to collect and categorize your samples. This can be hash oil, kief, or dried plant material.

#2 Assay your samples.

Use Grow Buddy Pro to quantify cannabinoids content in your samples. Know what percent THC, CBD your sample/s contain.

#3 Analyze the results!

Use JustTLC software, by Sweday, with the Grow Buddy Pro THC, CBD, CBN pre-loaded TLC plates to determine the percentage THC, CBD, CBN of your samples.

Grow Buddy Pro:

Grow Buddy Probasically a Grow Buddy, but has a THC, CBD, CBN sample in the kit to help quantify percentages using a FREE software download by Sweday, JustTLC $150 plus S/H, retail.

Grow Buddy Pro Quantitative Assay

Area Prep:

1.) Remove all items from the area not needed for your testing.

2.) Collect materials not included in the kit needed for testing.

a) Thermometer

b) A scale accurate to .1g

c) Timer, or some way to keep track of elapsed time

d) Some way to capture an image of the T.L.C. plates after being sprayed with the T.L.C. dye.

          1. Flat scanner
          2. Digital camera

e) Some way to heat your dried samples, like a stove or toaster oven.

Now you are ready to start some testing!!

WEAR GLOVES!!

Sample Prep:

1.) Make sure samples are DRY and crumbly. The greater the moisture content the less accurate this T.L.C. method is.

2.) Give the samples a designation and record on a sheet of paper. Weigh out the samples in 1 gram increments on a piece of aluminum foil shaped like a bowl. Be sure to take note of the foil’s weight, and the sample plus the foil’s weight.

EXAMPLE: Place the foil on the scale, record weight: 200mg. Tare the foils weight. Place the sample on the foil trying to accurately weigh 1 gram as close as possible. Record weight: 995.6mg. Add together and record the total 1195.5mg with the samples designation.

3.) Pre-heat oven to 120°C- 250°F. Heat samples on the aluminum foil for 15 min.

4.) Subtract the samples before heating weight from the after heating weight, record the difference on a piece of paper for later. This is your activated dry weight (ADW).

NOTE: If the sample has melted, or is unable to be removed from the foil, easily, let the aluminum cool to room temperature. Use a large pipette and add 1mL of the Extraction Solution to remove the material from the foil. Place this solution into a 1.5mL tube with the large pipette. This solution represents ~1000mg not 100mg (10x more concentrated! Not to mention, the sample is probably some type of a concentrate to begin with!).

5.) Weigh 100mg of the activated dry sample in the 1.5mL tubes and add 1mL of the Extraction Solution.

Grow Buddy Pro T.L.C. Plate Prep:

1.) Only handle Grow Buddy™ Pro T.L.C. plates with gloved hands.

2.) Load 2 microliters of the Extraction Solution from the sample 1.5mL tube per into one of the four sample wells, skipping the middle well, well #3 contains ~2micrograms THC, CBD, CBN, or ~10% cannabinoids by dried weight. Note which sample designation went where. Note if the sample was plant material, flowers, hashish, kief, BHO isolate, wax, shatter, etc.

Grow Buddy Pro T.L.C. Plate Developing Prep:

1.) Place the contents of the developing solution bottle into the jar/developing chamber.

2.) Place the chamber on a level surface, and in an area where it will not be disturbed for ~15-20 minutes.

3.) Place Grow Buddy Pro T.L.C. plate into the chamber, carefully. Place the lid on the developing chamber, carefully. Let the plate run for ~15-20 minutes, or until the developing solution is ¼” from the top of the T.L.C. plate.

4.) Remove from the chamber and let air dry before using the T.L.C dye.

Grow Buddy Pro T.L.C. Dye Prep:

This is a DYE and WILL stain!!

1.) As the T.L.C. plates are running in the developing chamber, prepare your T.L.C. dye.

2.) Add 1mL water to the T.L.C. dye 1.5mL tube. Shake vigorously. Let set.

3.) Add 4mL of water to the T.L.C. sprayer.

4.) Transfer the 1mL T.L.C. dye concentrate to the T.L.C. sprayer. Shake vigorously. Let set.

5.) Use the Grow Buddy Pro box as a spray chamber.

6.) One 5mL sprayer will dye 2 plates.

7.) Spray plates as you practiced.

8.) Let air dry. Okay, you are almost done.

Capturing an Image:

By this point you have chosen a way to image your plates so you can save and analyze the data at your leisure. Have the plate imaged at least 15 min after dying. If not, results are unreliable.

Determine Percentages Using Grow Buddy Pro T.L.C. Plates and Software by Sweday:

Now it’s time to use the Just TLC software, by Sweday to quantify percentages of THC, CBD, CBN. Go to www.JustTLC.Com and download their FREE software!

Determine Percent THC CBD Grow Buddy™ vs Grow Buddy Pro™

Determine Percent THC CBD Grow Buddy vs Grow Buddy Pro

BUY NOW! Grow Buddy Pro USPS Priority Mail

BUY NOW! Grow Buddy Pro International Shipping

#1 Collect/Select your samples for analysis.

Use the Grow Buddy Pro supplies to collect and categorize your samples. This can be hash oil, kief, or dried plant material.

#2 Assay your samples.

Use Grow Buddy Pro to quantify cannabinoids content in your samples. Know what percent THC, CBD your sample/s contain.

#3 Analyze the results!

Use Just TLC software, by Sweday, with the Grow Buddy Pro THC, CBD, CBN pre-loaded TLC plates to determine the percentage THC, CBD, CBN of your samples.

Grow Buddy™ is a thin layer chromatography (TLC) THC, CBD, CBN qualitative test kit. Grow Buddy™ is ONLY intended for qualitative assaying of cannabis flowers and whole plant isolates. In other words, qualitative equates to data ranging from greater than, equal to, or less than.

Grow Buddy Pro is also a TLC test kit, but Grow Buddy Pro is intended for QUANTITATIVE assaying of THC, CBD, CBN. Yes, this means Grow Buddy Pro can be used, DIY, to determine percentage THC, CBD, CBN at home for less than $10 per sample!

The difference between Grow Buddy™ vs Grow Buddy Pro is the TLC plates. Grow Buddy Pro has TLC plates pre-loaded with a known quantity of THC, CBD, CBN to help in the quantification of THC, CBD, CBN percentages.

BUY NOW! Grow Buddy Pro USPS Priority Mail

BUY NOW! Grow Buddy Pro International Shipping

Whole Plant Isolates Recovery

Hash Oil

Montana Biotech offers whole plant isolates recovery, or better known as, hash oil. Montana Biotech has customized a system for the recovery of whole plant isolates and can now offer it at a reasonable price to the medical marijuana industry. We DO NOT use butane for our extraction process! We use ONLY the BEST laboratory grade ingredients and materials for our whole plant isolates recovery system.

Montana Biotech can collect plant material that is less than perfect and create a high end product that is easy to manipulate into other delivery methods / products. For instance, take the whole plant isolates, hash oil, and add them to a tincture, butter, oil, glycerin, alcohol, any substance you wish to use as your cannabinoid delivery system.

Montana Biotech Home Page

Call Montana Biotech (406) 600-6871 today for Availability.

Montana Biotech is Mobile! We can come to YOU!

Prices START at $100 per 112 grams or 4oz.

E Mail: MontanaBiotch@gmail.com

The Growing Green Show on Mcat.org, Medical Marijuana Informational Show

The Growing Green Medical Marijuana Informational Show

Medical Marijuana Information, Growing Green Show LIVE STREAM LINK

The Growing Green Medical Marijuana Informational Show

The Growing Green Show on Mcat.org

PSA for Growing Green Show, a LIVE show on MCAT channel 7 on Bresnan, and mcat.org channel 7 LIVE STEAM. We are a live medical marijuana show. We will have taped interviews with card holders / medical marijuana patients, Caregivers, Cannabis Analysis Labs, LIVE / in House guests to answer your questions, and MUCH MORE!! e-mail us at growinggreen@bresnan.net to find out more about sponsorship opportunities!

Growing Green Website: http://growinggreen420.com

Call: 406-396-5451 , or e-mail us at growinggreen@bresnan.net to find out more about sponsorship opportunities! Talk with Cassidy Wood about helping to support the Growing Green Show!

http://www.youtube.com/user/GrowingGreen420

The Growing Green Show Episode 1

The Growing Green Show Episode 2

The Growing Green Show Episode 3

More Episodes to come!

Plant DNA Collection Kit™ Hermaphrodite Cannabis Test, Male / Female Screening, Genetic Profiling Provided by Montana Biotech

Sexing Herb™ Male/Female PCR Test

Montana BioTech is proud to introduce the Plant DNA Collection Kit™. This kit has many functions! The small time patient, to the large scale farmer can gain from this kit / service! Here is how it works!

Hermaphrodite Cannabis Test BREAKTHROUGH by Montana Biotech

Montana Biotech currently offers hermaphrodite testing and sexing of Cannabis 1-2 weeks after germination! So, if you are looking for the FASTEST method to sex your medical marijuana / cannabis seedlings, call on Montana Biotech! Male / Female and Hermaphrodite Screening, or Genetic Profiling:

In today’s environment of high competition in the medical marijuana industry, a way to distinguish what you have from your competitors is essential! This kit can be used to create a unique genetic profile of your hybrid! This PCR, gel electrophoresis based test can provide you a “picture” of YOUR plants genetic make-up! With this info in hand, it is easier to obtain a trademark on your variety / strain with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Another advantage that can be gained with the Plant DNA Collection Kit™ is TIME! TIME from seed, to clone, to harvest! At some point we all need to start from seed, whether it is starting a new variety / strain, or creating your own hybrid. It would be great to be able to weed the males from the females to increase productivity! This can be obtained with male / female sexing! Male / female sexing is a PCR based test. 1-2 weeks after germination of the seed, KNOW if it’s male or female by its GENES. NO GUESS WORK. By time that seedling is ready for cloning, KNOW that it is a FEMALE, and move on!! Maintain the phenotype without having to re-vegetate the plant, our having unwanted clones reducing cost!

Have you ever wanted to test your cannabis plant to see if it is a hermaphrodite? Well, Montana Biotech has a test for that! A cannabis plant will express hermaphroditic tendencies from environmental stresses or because of a genetic predisposition to express monoecious traits. A monoecious cannabis plant is a TRUE hermaphrodite. This cannabis plant will express male and female flower structures on the same plant. This is the hermaphrodite to be aware of! A true hermaphrodite sexes as a female early in the flowering cycle. A true hermaphrodite is a ticking time bomb! She/it will seed everything in your flowering room! Environmentally induced hermaphrodite cannabis plants can not be tested for, at this time, and do not pose the same risk to the rest of the room. These hermaphrodites are not “true” hermaphrodites and usually pollinate themselves. ANY cannabis plant can be induced to revert to a hermaphroditic state by stress. By stressing a cannabis plant, you have tapped into its inherent survival programming. Montana Biotech now offers a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) based test for hermaphrodite screening of cannabis plants. KNOW if your cannabis plant has the TRUE hermaphrodite trait before you flower it! Our motto is, “Know before they show…”

!!!Montana Biotech is NOW ACCEPTING PATIENTS!!!

If you have a qualifying medical condition, but cant afford the cost of MMJ registration, we may be able to help.

Wholesale prices are available for all of our products including a 90 day buy back guarantee. Please feel free to contact us 24/7 with any questions.

Cell: 406-600-6871

E-Mail: MontanaBiotech@gmail.com

Twitter: @MontanaBiotech

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/joseph.lacerenza

Plant DNA Collection Kit How Does it Work?

Montana Biotech specializes in cannabis potency lab testing. Botanical Genetic profiling is now offered to help with the identifying and categorizing of new varieties / cultivars / strains for the medical cannabis industry. Montana Biotech can genetically screen cannabis for male or females 1-2 weeks after germination! Montana Biotech can also certify seed as feminized. Cannabis varieties / cultivars / strains will be added to our data base and made public as soon as samples are scrutinized and released by the grower. Montana Biotech is willing to help patients and caregivers achieve the best results from their medicine. What else can I say about botanical genetic analysis? Here is how it works!

BREAK THROUGH Hermaphrodite Test for Your Cannabis Plants

Montana Biotech is proud to introduce the Plant DNA Collection Kit™. This kit has many functions! The small time patient, to the large scale farmer can gain from this kit / service!

In today’s environment of high competition in the medical marijuana industry, a way to distinguish what you have from your competitors is essential! This kit can be used to create a unique genetic profile of your hybrid! This PCR, gel electrophoresis based test can provide you a “picture” of YOUR plants genetic make-up! With this info in hand, it is easier to obtain a trademark on your variety / strain with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Another advantage that can be gained with the Plant DNA Collection Kit™ is TIME! TIME from seed, to clone, to harvest! At some point we all need to start from seed, whether it is starting a new variety / strain, or creating your own hybrid. It would be great to be able to weed the males from the females to increase productivity! This can be obtained with male / female sexing! Male / female sexing is a PCR based test. 1-2 weeks after germination of the seed, KNOW if it’s male or female by its GENES. NO GUESS WORK. By time that seedling is ready for cloning, KNOW that it is a FEMALE, and move on!! Maintain the phenotype without having to re-vegetate the plant, our having unwanted clones reducing cost!

Montana Biotech is committed to providing services and products NO OTHER LABORATORY CAN or IS!!

Grow Buddy™ an at Home Cannabinoid Profiling Kit

$100 plus $3.50 S&H

Plant DNA Collection Kit™

Male / Female Screening, Genetic Profiling: $49.95 plus $3.50 S&H


Cannabis Documentaries Cannabinoid Facts Marijuana Peer Reviewed Research Links

Cannabis TV Documentaries

Weed Wars on the Discovery Channel Episode 4 Season 1

Weed Wars on the Discovery Channel Episode 3 Season 1

Weed Wars on the Discovery Channel Episode 2 Season 1

Weed Wars on the Discovery Channel Episode 1 Season 1

Prohibition a Ken Burns Documentary on PBS

PBS FRONTLINE The Pot Republic

Montana PBS Special Clearing the Smoke: The Science of Cannabis

Hemp for Victory

Reefer Madness

Marijuana ( Marihuana ) The Devil’s Weed Cannabis Propaganda film (1936)

Marihuana The Assassin of Youth 1935 Anti-Marijuana Propaganda Film

The BEST Cannabis / Marijuana Propaganda Films / Movies of ALL TIME!

Marijuana: A Chronic History Presented by the History Channel

NGC’s Drugs Inc.: Marijuana

NGC’s Marijuana Nation

PBS’ Botany of Desire

CNBC’s Marijuana Inc.

TEA Party Eat your Heart Out!! The Bundy’s Were Here 1st!!

Links:

Find The Best Medical Marijuana in Montana Potency Tested

Exploring the Endocannabinoid System Cannabinoids and their Therapeutic Potentials

Peer Reviewed Research

Hemp for Victory, 1942 U.S. WWII Propoganda Film, and State by State Industrial Hemp Laws

MMJ Clinics / Doctors Recommendations

MMJ Dispensaries/Caregivers: Find Them Here

MMJ Strains / Varieties: Find Them Here Potency Tested

Ed Rosenthal Runs For President in 2012? Stephen’s Colbert SuperPac Funding?

Fastest way to determine cannabis seedling sex!

Grow Buddy Thin Layer Chromatography THC, CBD test kit

Grow Buddy Instructional Video

Grow Buddy Replacement T.L.C. Supplies

Plant DNA Collection Kit

Montana Biotech Products and Services

Cannabinoid Facts

Specialist Want Regulations / Oversight of Medical Marijuana Analysis Labs, Montana Biotech Embraces Open Dialog

Cannalytics™ Cannabinoid Fingerprinting Test by Alpha Nova vs Grow Buddy™ at Home THC, CBD, CBN Test Kit by Montana Biotech Comparing Two Competing Thin Layer Chromatography T.L.C Methods

QUALTITATIVE vs. QAUNTITATIVE Analysis of Cannabis THC, CBD, CBN Cannabinoid Levels

Ed Rosenthal and the Party-Party’s Platform for America 2012!

A Little Ed History and Education! Wiki Style!

Peer Reviewed Research:

ADD /ADHD, Medical Marijuana and its potential Treatment.

Addiction Risk-Physical of using Medical Marijuana.

Alcoholism and Medical Marijuana.

ALS, Lou Gehrig’s Disease Medical Cannabis Therapy

Cannabis Marijuana Use and AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME

Alzheimer’s Disease Progression Prevention Cannabinoids

Medical Cannabis Marijuana and ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids

ANTI-BACTERIAL PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol, Cannabichromene, Cannabigerol, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Cannabinol

Medical Cannabis Marijuana and ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol CBD, Cannabichromene CBC, Cannabigerol CBG, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol THC, Cannabinol CBN and Cannabis Marijuana Antioxidant Properties

Cannabis Marijuana and ANXIOLYTIC, Also Known as Antipanic or Antianxiety Agents, EFFECTS of CBD Cannabidiol for Treatment of Anxiety

APPETITE STIMULANT Medical Marijuana Cannabis and It’s Effects on Hunger the Munchies

ARTHRITIS Cannabis Marijuana and the Effects of Cannabinoids for Treatment

ASTHMA Medical Cannabis / Marijuana and Cannabinoids Therapeutic Effects on Bronchodilation

Cannabinoinds Therapeutic Effects on ATHEROSCLEROSIS, Medical Cannabis Marijuana Research Cannabidiol THC

Autism the Use of Medical Cannabis Marijuana Derived Cannabinoids for Treatment of Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Mood Stabilizing Effects of Medical Cannabis Derived Cannabinoids THC, CBD Treatments and Therapeutic Potential of Marijuana

BRAIN INJURIES and the NEUROPROTECTANT Properties and Therapeutic Effects of Medical Cannabis Marijuana Cannabinoids Tetrahydrocannabinol THC and Cannabidiol CBD

Breast Cancer Antitumor Effects Inhibition of Cancer Cell Proliferation and Treatment Using Medical Cannabis Marijuana Derived Cannabinoids Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabidiol Cannabigerol Cannabichromene Cannabidiol Acid and THC Acid

!!!Montana Biotech is NOW ACCEPTING PATIENTS (card holders)!!!

Contact us to be YOUR Provider/Marijuana Infused Products Provider (MIPP)

Call: 406-600-6871

Call Montana Biotech today for more information on setting up a Grow Room, Help or consultation!

Cell: 406-600-6871

E-Mail: MontanaBiotech@gmail.com

Twitter: @MontanaBiotech

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/joseph.lacerenza

Donate to Cannabis Research at Montana Biotech



Peer Reviewed Research on Cannabinoids and their Therapeutic Potentials

Peer Reviewed Research on Cannabinoids and their Therapeutic Potentials

How this list came about-

“If the truth won’t do, then something is wrong!”

Those were the furious words of my grandfather to my Mother. I had walked in from joyfully stuffing my face with red raspberries in the garden, straight into “war zone”! My gentle grandfather in a fury, his hand raised! Mom was just beginning to shrink back away from him. They saw me and quickly sent me away. But it was too late, the scene and the words were seared into my 5-year-old brain. That was over 55 years ago, but I still remember it clearly. My grandfather was a minister, one very short step away from God in my 5 year old mind. It was one of those life changing moments. It is still rare for me to tell a lie. I never found out what my Mother’s lie was.

As I child, I suffered a traumatic head injury. Another child tried to murder me with a hammer. I was left with frequent migraines. At 19, like many rebellious teens, I tried cannabis. It took about a year for me to make the connection between using cannabis and the absence of my normally frequent migraines. I have used cannabis ever since.

I am an avid reader. While perusing an old book on herbal medicine, I read how the little old ladies of Mexico made and used a cannabis/tequila rub on their arthritic hands. Then I met Joey, an epileptic musician. He told me another interesting fact- when he had pot he could cut his medication in half! On a camping trip years later, I smelled an unmistakable odor. Following my nose, I was totally shocked to find a grandmotherly lady in her 70s puffing away on a delicate oriental pipe. “Parkinson’s. And the pot’s way cheaper than the pills!” Her nephew kept her well supplied, she said. We had a nice chat about various medical uses of cannabis.

Epilepsy, Parkinson’s, arthritis, and my migraines! What else was it good for? Yet every news article on cannabis that I saw, claimed one new horror after another. Men grew breasts and were impotent. Women became sterile or miscarried. It made you crazy and murderous. Made you lazy and do nothing. It caused cancer and heart attacks…What I had learned on my own and from others and what I was being told in the press were so different!

What was the truth? I began researching. I printed the first studies up and kept them in a notebook, just as a personal reference. The notebook quickly filled. I started a Word file of the URLs and on July 30 2007, I posted it. It continues to grow.

Here’s some of what I have found. All I’ve done is copy the URLs, then put them all in some semblance order for everyone to use as a reference. Please feel free to share this list with anyone who could benefit from it.

 

CBD Molecule

Granny Storm Crow’s List
It Is Time for Marijuana to Be Reclassified as Something Other Than a Schedule I Drug
It Is Time for Marijuana to Be Reclassified as Something Other Than a Schedule I Drug

ADD/ ADHD

Marijuana and ADD Therapeutic uses of Medical Marijuana in the treatment of ADD
Therapeutic uses of Medical Marijuana in the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder

Cannabis as a medical treatment for attention deficit disorder
Cannabis as a medical treatment for attention deficit disorder – File psychiatry/psychology – Hemp and Medicine – Welcome to www.hemp-info.ch! The specialist for hemp (Cannabis) in Switzerland

Cannabinoids effective in animal model of hyperactivity disorder
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis ‘Scrips to Calm Kids?
FOXNews.com – Cannabis ‘Scrips to Calm Kids? – Politics | Republican Party | Democratic Party | Political Spectrum

THC normalized impaired psychomotor performance and mood
BBSNews – Smoked Marijuana Improved ADHD Driver’s Performance

Moderate cannabis use has a positive effect on treatment for cocaine dependence in patients with comorbid ADHD and cocaine dependence
BBSNews – Moderate Marijuana Use Helpful in ADHD Cocaine Addicts

Cannabis Improves Symptoms of ADHD
http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/…_2008_01_1.pdf

Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC
Unbound MEDLINE | [Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC] Journal article

Recipe For Trouble (anecdotal story)
Recipe For Trouble – 48 Hours – CBS News

Why I Give My 9-year-old Pot
Why I am giving marijuana to my 9-year-old autistic son.

ADDICTION RISK- PHYSICAL

Women’s Guide to the UofC
Women’s Guide to the UofC

Cannabis Basics
Erowid Cannabis Vault: Basics

10 Things Every Parent, Teenager & Teacher Should Know About Marijuana (4th Q)
Erowid Psychoactive Vaults

Marijuana Myths, Claim No. 9
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Exposing Marijuana Myths

Moderate cannabis use has a positive effect on treatment for cocaine dependence in patients with comorbid ADHD and cocaine dependence
BBSNews – Moderate Marijuana Use Helpful in ADHD Cocaine Addicts

Excerpt from the Merck Manual
Excerpt from the Merck Manual

Relative Addictiveness of Various Substances
Relative Addictiveness of Various Substances

Study of 4000 indicates marijuana discourages use of hard drugs.
Study of 4000 indicates marijuana discourages use of hard drugs.

Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001–2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants
Harm Reduction Journal | Full text | Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001-2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants

The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence
The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence – Health News – redOrbit

Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats
Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats

Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats
Neuropsychopharmacology – Abstract of article: Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats

AIDS – see HIV

ALCOHOLISM

Role of cannabinoid receptors in alcohol abuse
Role of cannabinoid receptors in alcohol abuse, study

Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity
Comparison of Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity — Hamelink et al. 314 (2): 780 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

Cannabis substitution
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis as a Substitute for Alcohol
CCRMG

The endocannabinoid signaling system: a potential target for next-generation therapeutics for alcoholism
The endocannabinoid signaling system: a potential target for next-generation therapeutics for alcoholism

ALLERGIES TO CANNABIS

Sensitization and Allergy to Cannabis sativa Leaves in a Population of Tomato Sensitized Patients.
Sensitization and Allergy to Cannabis sativa Leaves in a Population of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)-Sensitized Patients.

Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis caused by Cannabis sativa pollen
http://www.drugs-forum.com/forum/loc…=4823&catid=21

Allergic Skin Test Reactivity to Marijuana in the Southwest
Allergic Skin Test Reactivity to Marijuana in the Southwest

Marijuana smoking and fungal sensitization.
Marijuana smoking and fungal sensitization. [J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1983] – PubMed Result

ALS

Cannabinol delays symptom onset
Cannabinol delays symptom onset in SOD1 (G93A) tra…[Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord. 2005] – PubMed Result

Marijuana in the management of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/11467101

Cannabis use in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. (may need free registration) http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/15055508

Cannabis’ Potential Exciting Researchers in Treatment of ALS, Parkinson’s Disease
http://www.illinoisnorml.org/index2….o_pdf=1&id=104

ALZHEIMER’S

MARIJUANA SLOWS ALZHEIMER’S DECLINE
Europe: Study: Marijuana Slows Alzheimer’s Decline

Marijuana may block Alzheimer’s
BBC NEWS | Health | Marijuana may block Alzheimer’s

Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology by Cannabinoids
Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology by Cannabinoids: Neuroprotection Mediated by Blockade of Microglial Activation — Ramírez et al. 25 (8): 1904 — Journal of Neuroscience

Marijuana’s Active Ingredient Shown to Inhibit Primary Marker of Alzheimer’s Disease
AAMC: Marijuana’s Active Ingredient Shown to Inhibit Primary Marker of Alzheimer’s Disease

Safety and efficacy of Dronabinol in the treatment of agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease with anorexia
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Open-label study of Dronabinol in the treatment of refractory agitation in Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of dronabinol on anorexia and disturbed behavior in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids reduce the progression of Alzheimer’s disease in animals
IACM-Bulletin

Molecular Link between the Active Component of Marijuana and Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology
Unbound MEDLINE | A Molecular Link between the Active Component of Marijuana and Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology. Journal article

THC inhibits primary marker of Alzheimer’s disease
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabinoid receptor stimulation is anti-inflammatory and improves memory in old rats
Cannabinoid receptor stimulation is anti-inflammat…[Neurobiol Aging. 2008] – PubMed Result

Alzheimer’s disease; taking the edge off with cannabinoids?
Alzheimer’s disease; taking the edge off with cannabinoids?

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression
Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression

Inflammation and aging: can endocannabinoids help?
Inflammation and aging: can endocannabinoids help?

Anti-inflammatory property of the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55212-2 in a rodent model of chronic brain inflammation
Anti-inflammatory property of the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55212-2 in a rodent model of chronic brain inflammation

Marijuana reduces memory impairment
Aging – Marijuana reduces memory impairment

AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME

Amotivational Syndrome
Lycaeum > Leda > Amotivational Syndrome

Debunking ‘Amotivational Syndrome’
US: Web: Column: Debunking ‘Amotivational Syndrome’

Debunking the Amotivational Syndrome
Marijuana Research: Debunking the Amotivational Syndrome

Cannabis Use Not Linked To So-Called “Amotivational Syndrome”
Cannabis Use Not Linked To So-Called “Amotivational Syndrome” – NORML


ANECDOTAL / PERSONAL STORIES

Shared Comments and Observations
Comments and Observations

Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana) for Fibromyalgia
Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana) for Fibromyalgia

ANECDOTAL ARTICLES
CannabisLink.ca – Medical / Healing Information

Testimonials
The Benefits of Marijuana

Recipe For Trouble (anecdotal)
Recipe For Trouble – 48 Hours – CBS News

Why I Give My 9-year-old Pot
Why I am giving marijuana to my 9-year-old autistic son.

ANTI-BACTERIAL PROPERTIES

Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa
ACS Publications – Cookie absent

Killing bacteria with cannabis
Killing bacteria with cannabis – Ars Technica

Chemicals in Marijuana May Fight MRSA
Marijuana Ingredients May Fight MRSA

Cannabis Compounds Reduce Multi-Drug Resistant Infections
Cannabis Compounds Reduce Multi-Drug Resistant Infections

Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa.
Unbound MEDLINE | Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa. Journal article

ANTI-FUNGAL

Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa.
Unbound MEDLINE | Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa. Journal article

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES

ANALGESIC AND ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF CONSTITUENTS OF CANNABIS SATIVA L.
Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Constituents of Cannabis Sativa

Why Cannabis Stems Inflammation
Why Cannabis Stems Inflammation

Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats. Journal article

Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression (Alzheimer’s)
Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression

Cannabidiol displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in vitro
Cannabidiol displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1 and CB2 receptor agonists in vitro

Antiinflammatory action of endocannabinoid palmitoylethanolamide and the synthetic cannabinoid nabilone in a model of acute inflammation in the rat
Antiinflammatory action of endocannabinoid palmitoylethanolamide and the synthetic cannabinoid nabilone in a model of acute inflammation in the rat

Inflammation and aging: can endocannabinoids help?
Inflammation and aging: can endocannabinoids help?

Anti-inflammatory property of the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55212-2 in a rodent model of chronic brain inflammation
Anti-inflammatory property of the cannabinoid agonist WIN-55212-2 in a rodent model of chronic brain inflammation

Marijuana reduces memory impairment
Aging – Marijuana reduces memory impairment

ANTI- OXIDANT PROPERTIES

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

Cannabidiol and (−)Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants
Cannabidiol and (&#x02212Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants

Biological screening of 100 plant extracts for cosmetic use (II): anti-oxidative activity and free radical scavenging activity.
Unbound MEDLINE | Biological screening of 100 plant extracts for cosmetic use (II): anti-oxidative activity and free radical scavenging activity. Journal article

Cannabinoids protect cells from oxidative cell death: a receptor-independent mechanism.
Cannabinoids protect cells from oxidative cell dea…[J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000] – PubMed Result

Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders. Journal article

ANOREXIA-see APPETITE STIMULANT

ANXIOLYTIC EFFECTS

Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research – Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug

The association between anxiety and alcohol versus cannabis abuse disorders among adolescents in primary care settings
The association between anxiety and alcohol versus cannabis abuse disorders among adolescents in primary care settings — Low et al. 25 (5): 321 — Family Practice

The efficacy and safety of nabilone (a synthetic cannabinoid) in the treatment of anxiety
Clinical Studies and Case Reports.

Cannabidiol as an antipsychotic. A double-blind, controlled clinical trial on cannabidiol vs. amisulpride in acute schizophrenia.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Single-dose study of nabilone in anxious volunteers.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Unbound MEDLINE | Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Journal article

APPETITE STIMULANT

Dronabinol an effective appetite stimulant?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC improves appetite and reverses weight loss in AIDS patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The synthetic cannabinoid nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Safety and efficacy of dronabinol in the treatment of agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of dronabinol on anorexia and disturbed behavior in patients with Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol as a treatment for anorexia associated with weight loss in patients with AIDS.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol for appetite stimulation in cancer-associated anorexia
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of dronabinol on nutritional status in HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol stimulates appetite and causes weight gain in HIV patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol effects on weight in patients with HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Recent clinical experience with dronabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol enhancement of appetite in cancer patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of smoked marijuana on food intake and body weight
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Behavioral analysis of marijuana effects on food intake in humans.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in treating patients with cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome: a multicenter, phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical

THC effective in appetite and weight loss in severe lung disease (COPD)
IACM-Bulletin

Machinery Of The ‘Marijuana Munchies’
Machinery Of The ‘Marijuana Munchies’

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Factors influencing the aggressiveness elicited by marihuana in food-deprived rats
Factors influencing the aggressiveness elicited by marihuana in food-deprived rats

Immunoactive cannabinoids: Therapeutic prospects for marijuana constituents Immunoactive cannabinoids: Therapeutic prospects for marijuana constituents

ARTHRITIS

Cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis
The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis — PNAS

The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therapies
IngentaConnect The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therap…

Preliminary assessment of the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a cannabis-based medicine (Sativex) in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis
Preliminary assessment of the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a cannabis-based medicine (Sativex) in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis — Blake et al. 45 (1): 50 — Rheumatology

Suppression of fibroblast metalloproteinases by ajulemic acid,
Suppression of fibroblast metalloproteinases by aj…[J Cell Biochem. 2007] – PubMed Result

The antinociceptive effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the arthritic rat
Unbound MEDLINE | The antinociceptive effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the arthritic rat involves the CB(2) cannabinoid receptor. Journal article

Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat
Unbound MEDLINE | Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat. Journal article

Rheumatoid arthritis, Cannabis based medicine eases pain and suppresses disease
Rheumatoid arthritis, cannabis based medicine eases pain and suppresses disease

Pot-Based Drug Promising for Arthritis
Pot-Based Drug Promising for Arthritis

Anti-inflammatory compound from cannabis found in herbs
Anti-inflammatory compound from cannabis found in herbs

ANALGESIC AND ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF CONSTITUENTS OF CANNABIS SATIVA L..
Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Constituents of Cannabis Sativa

US Patent 6132762 – Transcutaneous application of marijuana
Transcutaneous application of marijuana – US Patent 6132762 Abstract

Cannabis May Suppress Immune System
Cannabis May Suppress Immune System

Immunoactive cannabinoids: Therapeutic prospects for marijuana constituents Immunoactive cannabinoids: Therapeutic prospects for marijuana constituents

ASTHMA

The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therapies
IngentaConnect The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therap…

Acute and subacute bronchial effects of oral cannabinoids.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of bronchial effects of nabilone and terbutaline
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Bronchial effects of aerosolized delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Bronchodilator effect of delta1-tetrahydrocannabinol administered by aerosol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of smoked marijuana in experimentally induced asthma.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana and oral delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol on specific airway conductance
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

New Synthetic Delta-9-THC Inhaler Offers Safe, Rapid Delivery
New Synthetic Delta-9-THC Inhaler Offers Safe, Rapid Delivery, Phase I Study

Smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-THC on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects
Acute effects of smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects

ANALGESIC AND ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF CONSTITUENTS OF CANNABIS SATIVA L.
Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Constituents of Cannabis Sativa

ATHEROSCLEROSIS

Marijuana Chemical Fights Hardened Arteries
Marijuana Chemical Fights Hardened Arteries

Does Cannabis Hold the Key to Treating Cardiometabolic Disease (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/525040_print

Cannabis may keep arteries clear
Cannabis may help keep arteries clear

The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therapies
IngentaConnect The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therap…

Cannabis compound tackles blood vessel disease
Cannabis compound tackles blood vessel disease

Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis
The Next Hurrah: Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis

Cardiovascular Effects of Cannabis
Cardiovascular Effects of Cannabis

Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption
Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption

Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progression of atherosclerosis in mice.
Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progress…[Nature. 2005] – PubMed Result

Cannabidiol-2′,6′-Dimethyl Ether, a Cannabidiol Derivative, Is a Highly Potent and Selective 15-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol-2′,6′-Dimethyl Ether, a Cannabidiol Derivative, Is a Highly Potent and Selective 15-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor. Journal article

AUTISM

Autism and Medical Marijuana
Autism and Medical Marijuana

THE SAM PROJECT: James D.
AAMC patient: James D.

Medical marijuana: a valuable treatment for autism?
Medical Marijuana: A Valuable Treatment for Autism?

Sam’s Story: Using Medical Cannabis to Treat Autism Spectrum Disorder
Using Medical Cannabis to Treat Autism Spectrum Disorder: Sam’s Story

BIPOLAR DISORDER

The Use of Cannabis as a Mood Stabilizer in Bipolar Disorder: Anecdotal Evidence and the Need for Clinical Research
The Use of Cannabis as a Mood Stabilizer in Bipolar Disorder

Cannabinoids in bipolar affective disorder: a review and discussion of their therapeutic potential.
Cannabinoids in bipolar affective disorder: a revi…[J Psychopharmacol. 2005] – PubMed Result

Cannabis in bipolar
Bipolar Disorder Daily News Blog: Cannabis in bipolar

Recipe For Trouble (anecdotal)
Recipe For Trouble – 48 Hours – CBS News

The effect of extreme marijuana use on the long-term course of bipolar I illness: a single case study.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

BLOOD PRESSURE

Lowering of Blood Pressure Through Use of Hashish
Lowering of Blood Pressure Through Use of Hashish: The Hempire – [cannabis, legalise]

Blood Pressure Lowered With Cannabis Component
Blood Pressure Lowered With Cannabis Component: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

BONES- see OSTEOPOROSIS

BRAIN CELLS- see NEURONS

BRAIN INJURIES

How hash became a smash in brain trauma research
MAPS: How hash became a smash in brain trauma research

Synthetic Marijuana Helps Trauma Patients
medical marijuana, medical marijuana canada, compassion club, medical cannabis, medical marijuana vancouver – Synthetic Marijuana Helps Trauma Patients

BRAIN- PHYSICAL EFFECTS

Effects of frequent marijuana use on brain tissue volume and composition
Effects of frequent marijuana use on brain tissue volume and composition

The influence of substance use on adolescent brain development.
The influence of substance use on adolescent brain…[Clin EEG Neurosci. 2009] – PubMed Result

A preliminary DTI study showing no brain structural change associated with adolescent cannabis use
A preliminary DTI study showing no brain structural change associated with adolescent cannabis use

CANCER- BREAST

Anandamide inhibits human breast cancer cell proliferation
The endogenous cannabinoid anandamide inhibits human breast cancer cell proliferation — PNAS

Suppression of Nerve Growth Factor Trk Receptors and Prolactin Receptors by Endocannabinoids Leads to Inhibition of Human Breast and Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation
Suppression of Nerve Growth Factor Trk Receptors and Prolactin Receptors by Endocannabinoids Leads to Inhibition of Human Breast and Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation — Melck et al. 141 (1): 118 — Endocrinology

Antitumor Activity of Plant Cannabinoids with Emphasis on the Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Breast Carcinoma
Antitumor Activity of Plant Cannabinoids with Emphasis on the Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Breast Carcinoma — Ligresti et al. 318 (3): 1375 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Inhibits Cell Cycle Progression in Human Breast Cancer through Cdc2 Regulation
{Delta}9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Inhibits Cell Cycle Progression in Human Breast Cancer Cells through Cdc2 Regulation — Caffarel et al. 66 (13): 6615 — Cancer Research

Cannabidiol inhibits tumour growth in leukaemia and breast cancer in animal studies
IACM-Bulletin

THC and prochlorperazine effective in reducing vomiting in women following breast surgery
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabidiol Dramatically Inhibits Breast Cancer Cell Growth
Cannabidiol Dramatically Inhibits Breast Cancer Cell Growth, Study Says: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

“Medical Marijuana” Takes On New Meaning for Metastatic Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer – “Medical Marijuana” Takes On New Meaning for Metastatic Breast Cancer

Cannabidiol may be helpful in reducing the aggressiveness of breast cancer cells
BBSNews – Study: Cannabinoid Reduces Breast Cancer Cell Aggression

JunD is involved in the antiproliferative effect of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol on human breast cancer cells
JunD is involved in the antiproliferative effect of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol on human breast cancer cells.

Cannabis Compound May Stop Metastatic Breast Cancer
Cannabis Compound May Stop Metastatic Breast Cancer – washingtonpost.com


CANCER- CERVICAL

Arachidonyl ethanolamide induces apoptosis of uterine cervix cancer cells via aberrantly expressed vanilloid receptor-1
ScienceDirect – Gynecologic Oncology : Arachidonyl ethanolamide induces apoptosis of uterine cervix cancer cells via aberrantly expressed vanilloid receptor-1

Marijuana Ingredients Slow Invasion by Cervical and Lung Cancer Cells
Pot Slows Cancer in Test Tube

CANCER- COLORECTAL

Anandamide, induces cell death in colorectal carcinoma cells
The endogenous cannabinoid, anandamide, induces cell death in colorectal carcinoma cells: a possible role for cyclooxygenase 2 — Patsos et al. 54 (12): 1741 — Gut

Cannabinoids and cancer: potential for colorectal cancer therapy. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16042581

Marijuana takes on colon cancer
Marijuana takes on colon cancer – health – 01 August 2008 – New Scientist

Cannabis compound clue to colon cancer
Cannabis compound clue to colon cancer – health – 06 August 2008 – New Scientist


CANCER- GLIOMA/ BRAIN

Anti-tumor effects of cannabidiol
Short News November 9th 3002

Cancer Killer
Latest News – U.S. War on Drugs Stalling Mind-Blowing Research into Pot’s Cancer-Healing Properties

Cannabinoids Inhibit the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Pathway in Gliomas
Cannabinoids Inhibit the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Pathway in Gliomas — Blázquez et al. 64 (16): 5617 — Cancer Research

Inhibition of Glioma Growth in Vivo
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cg…61/15/5784.pdf

Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells.
iHOP – The non-psychoactive cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells.

Cannabis extract makes brain tumors shrink, halts growth of blood vessels
Cannabis extract makes brain tumors shrink, halts growth of blood vessels

THC tested against brain tumour in pilot clinical study
IACM-Bulletin

THC inhibits cell cycle progression in human glioblastoma multiforme cells by downregulation of E2F1 in human glioblastoma multiforme cells
Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits cell cycle progression by downregulation of E2F1 in human glioblastoma multiforme cells.

Down-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 in gliomas
Down-regulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 in gliomas: a new marker of cannabinoid antitumoral activity?

Cannabinoids inhibit glioma cell invasion by down-regulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression.
Cannabinoids inhibit glioma cell invasion by down-regulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 expression.

Anti-Tumor Effects
Anti-Tumor Effects

Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor — Hart et al. 64 (6): 1943 — Cancer Research

Marijuana ingredient may reduce tumours-study
Reuters AlertNet – Marijuana ingredient may reduce tumours-study

Cannabinoid action induces autophagy-mediated cell death through stimulation of ER stress in human glioma cells
Journal of Clinical Investigation — Cannabinoid action induces autophagy-mediated cell death through stimulation of ER stress in human glioma cells

Cannabidiol inhibits human glioma cell migration through a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism
Cannabidiol inhibits human glioma cell migration through a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism

Targeting astrocytomas and invading immune cells with cannabinoids: a promising therapeutic avenue.
Unbound MEDLINE | Targeting astrocytomas and invading immune cells with cannabinoids: a promising therapeutic avenue. Journal article

CANCER- LEUKEMIA

Cannabis-induced cytotoxicity in leukemic cell lines
Blood — Cannabis-induced cytotoxicity in leukemic cell lines: the role of the cannab…

Cannabidiol-Induced Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells
Cannabidiol-Induced Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells: A Novel Role of Cannabidiol in the Regulation of p22phox and Nox4 Expression — McKallip et al. 70 (3): 897 — Molecular Pharmacology

Marijuana’s Active Ingredient Kills Leukemia Cells
Marijuana’s Active Ingredient Kills Leukemia Cells – TreatingYourself.COM Online Community

Targeting CB2 cannabinoid receptors to treat malignant lymphoblastic disease
http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrar…/100/2/627.pdf

Cannabinoids induce incomplete maturation of cultured human leukemia cells (1987)
Energy Citations Database (ECD) – – Document #5164483

{Delta}9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Apoptosis in Jurkat Leukemia T Cells Is Regulated by Translocation of Bad to Mitochondria
Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Apoptosis in Jurkat Leukemia T Cells Is Regulated by Translocation of Bad to Mitochondria — Mol Cancer Res

Cannabidiol inhibits tumour growth in leukaemia and breast cancer in animal studies
IACM-Bulletin

Enhancing the in vitro cytotoxic activity of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in leukemic cells through a combinatorial approach
Enhancing the in vitro cytotoxic activity of Delta…[Leuk Lymphoma. 2008] – PubMed Result

CANCER- LUNG

Antineoplastic activity of cannabinoids
Antineoplastic activity of cannabinoids

Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits epithelial growth factor-induced lung cancer cell migration
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits epithelial growth factor-induced lung cancer cell migration in vitro as well as its growth and metastasis in vivo. Journal article

Smoking Cannabis Does Not Cause Cancer Of Lung or Upper Airways
CCRMG

No association between lung cancer and cannabis smoking in large study
IACM-Bulletin

Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic
Medical News: ATS: Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic – in Hematology/Oncology, Lung Cancer from MedPage Today

CLAIM #4: MARIJUANA CAUSES LUNG DISEASE
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Exposing Marijuana Myths

Marijuana Ingredients Slow Invasion by Cervical and Lung Cancer Cells
Pot Slows Cancer in Test Tube

Marijuana May Fight Lung Tumors
Marijuana May Fight Lung Tumors

Anti-Tumor Effects
Anti-Tumor Effects

Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor — Hart et al. 64 (6): 1943 — Cancer Research

Anticancer activity of cannabinoids
[BOT] Anticancer activity of cannabinoids (Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Vol. 55, No. 3, September 1975, pp.597-602)

CANCER- LYMPHOMA

Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists May Be Novel Class of Anti-Lymphoma Agents
AAMC: Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists May Be Novel Class of Anti-Lymphoma Agents

CANCER- MELANOMA

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Intractable nausea and vomiting due to gastrointestinal mucosal metastases
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

CANCER- ORAL

Smoking of cannabis does not increase risk for oral cancer
IACM-Bulletin

Marijuana use and Risk of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma
http://web.archive.org/web/200601121…lCarcinoma.pdf

CANCER- PANCREATIC

Cannabinoids Induce Apoptosis of Pancreatic Tumor Cells via Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress–Related Genes
Cannabinoids Induce Apoptosis of Pancreatic Tumor Cells via Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-Related Genes — Carracedo et al. 66 (13): 6748 — Cancer Research

CANCER- PROSTATE

Suppression of Nerve Growth Factor Trk Receptors and Prolactin Receptors by Endocannabinoids Leads to Inhibition of Human Breast and Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation
Suppression of Nerve Growth Factor Trk Receptors and Prolactin Receptors by Endocannabinoids Leads to Inhibition of Human Breast and Prostate Cancer Cell Proliferation — Melck et al. 141 (1): 118 — Endocrinology

Cannabinoid Receptor as a Novel Target for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cg…/65/5/1635.pdf


CANCER- RISK CANNABIS VS TOBACCO

Cannabis Smoke and Cancer: Assessing the Risk
Cannabis Smoke and Cancer: Assessing the Risk – NORML

Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic
Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic

Smoking Marijuana Does Not Cause Lung Cancer
US: Web: Study: Smoking Marijuana Does Not Cause Lung Cancer

Blunt Smokers Link Dependence Potential To Nicotine
Blunt Smokers Link Dependence Potential To Nicotine

Premiere British Medical Journal Pronounces Marijuana Safer Than Alcohol, Tobacco
The Cannabis Link

Why Doesn’t Smoking Marijuana Cause Cancer?
Why Doesn’t Smoking Marijuana Cause Cancer?

Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic
Medical News: ATS: Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic – in Hematology/Oncology, Lung Cancer from MedPage Today

CANCER- SKIN

Inhibition of skin tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo by activation of cannabinoid receptors
Journal of Clinical Investigation — Inhibition of skin tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo by activation of cannabinoid receptors

Cannabis Reduces Skin Cancer
Cannabis reduces skin cancer

CANCER- TESTICULAR

The antiemetic efficacy of nabilone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Chemotherapy for Testicular Cancer
Chemotherapy for Testicular Cancer by Anonymous


CANCER- THYROID

A metabolically stable analogue of anandamide, Met-F-AEA, inhibits human thyroid carcinoma cell lines by activation of apoptosis
Unbound MEDLINE | A metabolically stable analogue of anandamide, Met-F-AEA, inhibits human thyroid carcinoma cell lines by activation of apoptosis. Journal article


CANCER- VARIOUS/ UNNAMED

Derivatives of cannabis for anti-cancer treatment
Derivatives of cannabis for anti-cancer treatment win Kaye Award for Hebrew University student

Cancer Killer
Latest News – U.S. War on Drugs Stalling Mind-Blowing Research into Pot’s Cancer-Healing Properties

Anandamide Induces Apoptosis in Human Cells via Vanilloid Receptors
Anandamide Induces Apoptosis in Human Cells via Vanilloid Receptors. EVIDENCE FOR A PROTECTIVE ROLE OF CANNABINOID RECEPTORS — Maccarrone et al. 275 (41): 31938 — Journal of Biological Chemistry

Nabilone improves pain and symptom management
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effects of smoked cannabis in painful peripheral neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol for appetite stimulation
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol enhancement of appetite in cancer patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Inhalation marijuana as an antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus domperidone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. placebo in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The antiemetic activity of tetrahydrocanabinol versus metoclopramide
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic for patients receiving cancer chemotherapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic in cancer patients receiving high-dose methotrexate
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) as an antiemetic in patients treated with cancer chemotherapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Amelioration of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by delta-9-THC
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Superiority of nabilone over prochlorperazine as an antiemetic
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The analgesic properties of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and codeine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-THC
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in treating patients with cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome: a multicenter, phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical

Cannabis May Help Combat Cancer-causing Herpes Viruses
Cannabis May Help Combat Cancer-causing Herpes Viruses

Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic
Medical News: ATS: Marijuana Smoking Found Non-Carcinogenic – in Hematology/Oncology, Lung Cancer from MedPage Today

A Cannabinoid Anticancer Quinone, HU-331, Is More Potent and Less Cardiotoxic Than Doxorubicin: A Comparative in Vivo Study
A Cannabinoid Anticancer Quinone, HU-331, Is More Potent and Less Cardiotoxic Than Doxorubicin: A Comparative in Vivo Study — Kogan et al. 322 (2): 646 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Anti-Tumor Effects
Anti-Tumor Effects

Cannabinoids for Cancer Treatment: Progress and Promise
Cannabinoids for Cancer Treatment: Progress and Promise — Sarfaraz et al. 68 (2): 339 — Cancer Research

Cannabinoids and cancer: pros and cons of an antitumour strategy
Cannabinoids and cancer: pros and cons of an antitumour strategy

Cannabinoids in the treatment of cancer
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoids in the treatment of cancer. Journal article

Use of cannabinoid receptor agonists in cancer therapy as palliative and curative agents.
Use of cannabinoid receptor agonists in cancer the…[Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009] – PubMed Result

CANNABIDIOL/ CBD

Comparison of Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity
Comparison of Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity — Hamelink et al. 314 (2): 780 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

Cannabinol delays symptom onset
Cannabinol delays symptom onset in SOD1 (G93A) tra…[Amyotroph Lateral Scler Other Motor Neuron Disord. 2005] – PubMed Result

Cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis
The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is an oral anti-arthritic therapeutic in murine collagen-induced arthritis — PNAS

Cannabidiol inhibits tumour growth in leukaemia and breast cancer
IACM-Bulletin

Anti-tumor effects of cannabidiol
Short News November 9th 3002

Cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells.
iHOP – The non-psychoactive cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in human glioma cells.

Cannabidiol-Induced Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells
Cannabidiol-Induced Apoptosis in Human Leukemia Cells: A Novel Role of Cannabidiol in the Regulation of p22phox and Nox4 Expression — McKallip et al. 70 (3): 897 — Molecular Pharmacology

Cannabidiol lowers incidence of diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice
Cannabidiol lowers incidence of diabetes in non-ob…[Autoimmunity. 2006] – PubMed Result

Neuroprotective and Blood-Retinal Barrier-Preserving Effects of Cannabidiol in Experimental Diabetes
Neuroprotective and Blood-Retinal Barrier-Preserving Effects of Cannabidiol in Experimental Diabetes — El-Remessy et al. 168 (1): 235 — American Journal of Pathology

Evaluation of cannabidiol in dystonic movement disorders
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabidiol in dystonic movement disorders.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Beneficial and adverse effects of cannabidiol in a Parkinson patient
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of Meige’s syndrome with cannabidiol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

CANNABIDIOL TO HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS AND EPILEPTIC PATIENTS
http://web.acsalaska.net/~warmgun/es201.html

Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced retinal neurotoxicity: involvement of peroxynitrite. Journal article

EFFECTS OF CANNABIDIOL IN HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE
Effects of Cannabidiol in Huntington’s Disease

The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol.
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16209908

Cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action
Unbound MEDLINE | Delayed treatment with cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action via a cannabinoid receptor-independent myeloperoxidase-inhibiting mechanism. Journal article

Cannabidiol, a constituent of Cannabis sativa, modulates sleep in rats. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abst…44117?prt=true

Who’s Afraid of Cannabidiol?
Fred Gardner: Who’s Afraid of Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury.
Cannabidiol, a nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury — Durst et al. 293 (6): H3602 — AJP – Heart and Circulatory Physiology

Cannabidiol May be Effective in Preventing Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
BBSNews – Marijuana Ingredient May Prevent Mad Cow Disease

Cannabidiol, extracted from Cannabis sativa, selectively inhibits inflammatory hypermotility in mice.
Cannabidiol, extracted from Cannabis sativa, selectively inhibits inflammatory hypermotility in mice.

Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research – Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an antipsychotic drug

Composition of the essential oils and extracts of two populations of Cannabis sativa L. ssp. spontanea from Austria
Composition of the essential oils and extracts of two populations of Cannabis sativa L. ssp. spontanea from Austria | Journal of Essential Oil Research: JEOR | Find Articles at BNET

Cannabidiol as an antipsychotic. A double-blind, controlled clinical trial on cannabidiol vs. amisulpride in acute schizophrenia.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment with CBD in oily solution of drug-resistant paediatric epilepsies.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats. Journal article

The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is a wake-inducing agent.
Unbound MEDLINE | The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is a wake-inducing agent. Journal article

Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Cannabinoids Induce Cancer Cell Proliferation via Tumor Necrosis Factor {alpha}-Converting Enzyme (TACE/ADAM17)-Mediated Transactivation of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor — Hart et al. 64 (6): 1943 — Cancer Research

Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin
The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin

Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption
Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption

Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression
Cannabidiol in vivo blunts β-amyloid induced neuroinflammation by suppressing IL-1β and iNOS expression

Cannabidiol and (−)Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants
Cannabidiol and (&#x02212Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants

Cannabidiol-2′,6′-Dimethyl Ether, a Cannabidiol Derivative, Is a Highly Potent and Selective 15-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol-2′,6′-Dimethyl Ether, a Cannabidiol Derivative, Is a Highly Potent and Selective 15-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor. Journal article

Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress.
Unbound MEDLINE | Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress. Journal article

Cannabidiol: from an inactive cannabinoid to a drug with wide spectrum of action.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol: from an inactive cannabinoid to a drug with wide spectrum of action. Journal article

Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders. Journal article

Cannabidiol: a promising drug for neurodegenerative disorders?
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol: a promising drug for neurodegenerative disorders? Journal article


CARDIOVASCULAR- see HEART DISEASE

CESAMET- see NABILONE


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Cannabis: A source of useful pharma compounds neglected in India
Cannabis: A source of useful pharma compounds – MedPot.net/Forums

Pharmacokinetics and cannabinoid action using oral cannabis extract
MediLexicon News – Pharmacokinetics and cannabinoid action using oral cannabis extract

The chemistry and biological activity of cannabis
UNODC – Bulletin on Narcotics – 1972 Issue 2 – 004

Differential effects of medical marijuana based on strain and route of administration
Differential effects of medical marijuana based on strain and route of administration: A three-year observational study

Cannabis / Marijuana ( Δ 9 -Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC)
Drugs and Human Performance FACT SHEETS – Cannabis / Marijuana ( D 9 -Tetrahydrocannabinol, THC)

A chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in Cannabis
A chemotaxonomic analysis of cannabinoid variation in Cannabis (Cannabaceae) — Hillig and Mahlberg 91 (6): 966 — American Journal of Botany

The inheritance of chemical phenotype in Cannabis sativa L.
http://www.genetics.org/cgi/reprint/163/1/335.pdf

Medical Cannabis Potency Testing Project
Medical Cannabis Potency Testing Project – Autumn 1999

Compounds found in Cannabis Sativa
Compounds found in Cannabis Sativa

Hemp Seed Oil : The Wonder Oil For the New Millennium
Hemp Seed Oil, The Wonder Oil for the New Millennium

Composition of the essential oils and extracts of two populations of Cannabis sativa L. ssp. spontanea from Austria
Composition of the essential oils and extracts of two populations of Cannabis sativa L. ssp. spontanea from Austria | Journal of Essential Oil Research: JEOR | Find Articles at BNET

Non-cannabinoid constituents from a high potency Cannabis sativa variety.
Unbound MEDLINE | Non-cannabinoid constituents from a high potency Cannabis sativa variety. Journal article

Cannabinoid Ester Constituents from High-Potency Cannabis sativa.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoid Ester Constituents from High-Potency Cannabis sativa. Journal article

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia
Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia

Plant cannabinoids: a neglected pharmacological treasure trove
Plant cannabinoids: a neglected pharmacological treasure trove

Cannabis confusions
Science commentary: Cannabis confusions

Evaluation of herbal cannabis characteristics by medical users: a randomized trial
Evaluation of herbal cannabis characteristics by medical users: a randomized trial

CHEMOTAXONOMY OF CANNABIS 1. CROSSBREEDING BETWEEN CANNABIS SATIVA AND C. RUDERALIS, WITH ANALYSIS OF CANNABINOID CONTENT
Beutler1979

Interrelationships of glandular trichomes and cannabinoid content II.
Developing vegetative leaves of Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae)
bcgrowers title

Constituents of Cannabis sativa L., XX: the cannabinoid content of Mexican variants grown in Mexico and in Mississippi, United States of America
bcgrowers title

Some features of Cannabis plants grown in the United Kingdom from seeds of known origin.
Unbound MEDLINE | Some features of Cannabis plants grown in the United Kingdom from seeds of known origin. Journal article

Characterisation of cannabis plants phenotypes from illegal cultivations in Crete
Characterisation of cannabis plants phenotypes fro…[Boll Chim Farm. 2000 May-Jun] – PubMed Result

NMR assignments of the major cannabinoids and cannabiflavonoids isolated from flowers of Cannabis sativa
NMR assignments of the major cannabinoids and cann…[Phytochem Anal. 2004 Nov-Dec] – PubMed Result

Flavonoid glycosides and cannabinoids from the pollen of Cannabis sativa L.
Flavonoid glycosides and cannabinoids from the pol…[Phytochem Anal. 2005 Jan-Feb] – PubMed Result

Biochemical differences in Cannabis sativa L. depending on sexual phenotype
http://jag.igr.poznan.pl/2002-Volume…_4-451-462.pdf

The Inheritance of Chemical Phenotype in Cannabis sativa L.
The Inheritance of Chemical Phenotype in Cannabis sativa L. — de Meijer et al. 163 (1): 335 — Genetics

Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts?
http://www.omma1998.org/McPartland-R…(3-4)-2001.pdf

Effects of Gibberellic Acid on Primary Terpenoids and Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Cannabis sativa at Flowering Stage.
Unbound MEDLINE | Effects of Gibberellic Acid on Primary Terpenoids and Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol in Cannabis sativa at Flowering Stage. Journal article

CHEMOTHERAPY

Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination with ondansetron versus ondansetron alone for delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination wi…[Curr Med Res Opin. 2007] – PubMed Result

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases
[Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases.]

An efficient new cannabinoid antiemetic in pediatric oncology
An efficient new cannabinoid antiemetic in pediatric oncology

Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination
Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination for…[J Pain Symptom Manage. 1991] – PubMed Result

Marijuana as antiemetic medicine
MAPS – Marijuana as Antiemetic Medicine: A Survey of Oncologists’ Experiences and Attitudes – Doblin, Richard and Kleiman, Mark A. R, “Marijuana as Antiemetic Medicine: A Survey of Oncologists’ Experiences and Attitudes.” – Journal of Clinical Oncolo

Efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol in patients refractory to standard anti-emetic therapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Inhalation marijuana as an antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Peer Reviewed Results of New York State-sponsored Cancer/Marijuana Studies

Nabilone versus prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.

Antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and alizapride
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus domperidone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC or Compazine for the cancer chemotherapy patient
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of nabilone and prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. prochlorperazine for refractory emesis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. placebo
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydroannabinol (THC) vs prochlorperazine as chemotherapy antiemetics.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparative trial of the antiemetic effects of THC and haloperidol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Antiemetic effect of tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydrocanabinol versus metoclopramide and thiethylperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of nabilone and prochlorperazine on chemotherapy-induced emesis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic in cancer patients receiving high-dose methotrexate
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC as an antiemetic in patients treated with cancer chemotherapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Amelioration of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by delta-9-THC
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Superiority of nabilone over prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Antiemetic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Oral vs. Inhaled Cannabinoids for Nausea/Vomiting from Cancer Chemotherapy
Report on New Mexico Cancer/Marijuana Study

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannibinol as an Antiemetic in Cancer Patients Receiving High-Dose Methotrexate
Inhaled THC Produces Better Blood Levels than THC by Mouth

Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

CHILDREN/ YOUNG ADULTS

Experiences with THC-treatment in children and adolescents
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

An efficient new cannabinoid antiemetic in pediatric oncology.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus prochlorperazine for control of cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis in children
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana and ADD Therapeutic uses of Medical Marijuana in the treatment of ADD
Therapeutic uses of Medical Marijuana in the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder

Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’
BBC NEWS | Health | Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’

Cannabis is a First-Line Treatment for Childhood Mental Disorders
Dr. Tod Mikuriya: Cannabis as a Frontline Treatment for Childhood Mental Disorders

Ganja use among Jamaican women.
Jamaican Woman

Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study
Latest News – Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study

Medical marijuana: a surprising solution to severe morning sickness
Medical Marijuana: A Surprising Solution to Severe Morning Sickness // Current

Moderate cannabis use not harmful to the brain of adolescents, M R I study finds
IACM-Bulletin

No brain structural change associated with adolescent cannabis use
A preliminary DTI study showing no brain structural change associated with adolescent cannabis use

No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse
No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse

Pot May Not Shrink Teens’ Brains After All
Medical News: Pot May Not Shrink Teens' Brains After All – in Neurology, General Neurology from MedPage Today

Swiss Study Finds Marijuana Use Alone May Benefit Some Teens
FOXNews.com – Swiss Study Finds Marijuana Use Alone May Benefit Some Teens, U.S. Doctor Disagrees – Health News | Current Health News | Medical News

Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.
Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.

Marijuana Use by Young People: The Impact of State Medical Marijuana Laws
Teen Use Report

Recipe For Trouble (anecdotal)
Recipe For Trouble – 48 Hours – CBS News

The association between anxiety and alcohol versus cannabis abuse disorders among adolescents in primary care settings
The association between anxiety and alcohol versus cannabis abuse disorders among adolescents in primary care settings — Low et al. 25 (5): 321 — Family Practice

Treatment with CBD in oily solution of drug-resistant paediatric epilepsies.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The Mental Health Risks of Adolescent Cannabis Use
The Mental Health Risks of Adolescent Cannabis Use

Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse
Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse

The herbal remedy: Teens use cannabis for relief, not recreation
The herbal remedy: Teens use cannabis for relief, not recreation

Why I Give My 9-year-old Pot
Why I am giving marijuana to my 9-year-old autistic son.

The influence of substance use on adolescent brain development.
The influence of substance use on adolescent brain…[Clin EEG Neurosci. 2009] – PubMed Result

Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents. Journal article

CHRONIC CYSTITIS

Cannabinoid rotation in a young woman with chronic cystitis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

COGNATIVE EFFECTS- see IQ

COUGH

Cannabis Cough Cure
Cannabis Cough Cure: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

Novel treatment for cough (Patent)
United States Patent Application: 0060013777

COPD

THC effective in appetite and weight loss in severe lung disease (COPD)
IACM-Bulletin

Heavy Long-Term Marijuana Use Does Not Impair Lung Function
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Health Effects : Media

Researchers to test if cannabis ingredient can help COPD patients
Researchers to test if cannabis ingredient can help COPD patients: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

Heavy Habitual Marijuana Smoking Does Not Cause an Accelerated Decline in FEV with Age
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Marjiu…lineInFEV1.pdf

Byssinosis, Chronic Bronchitis, and Ventilatory Capacities in Workers Exposed to Soft Hemp Dust
Byssinosis, Chronic Bronchitis, and Ventilatory Capacities in Workers Exposed to Soft Hemp Dust


CROHN’S/IBS/ULCERATIVE COLITIS

Cannabis-based drugs could offer new hope for inflammatory bowel disease patients
Cannabis-based drugs could offer new hope for inflammatory bowel disease patients

Cannabis may soothe inflamed bowels
Cannabis may soothe inflamed bowels – Current medical events – Hemp and Medicine – Welcome to www.hemp-info.ch! The specialist for hemp (Cannabis) in Switzerland

In the Human Colon: Cannabinoids Promote Epithelial Wound Healing
Elsevier

Crohn’s Patients Report Symptomatic Relief From Cannabis
Crohn’s Patients Report Symptomatic Relief From Cannabis: The Hempire – [cannabis, london]

Cannabis Helps Ulcers And Crohn’s Disease
Cannabis Helps Ulcers And Crohn’s Disease: The Hempire – [cannabis, britain]

Bowel Study Backs Cannabis Drugs
Bowel Study Backs Cannabis Drugs: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

Endocannabinoids and the gastrointestinal tract: what are the key questions?
British Journal of Pharmacology

MARIJUANA AND IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS) (anecdotal)
MARIHUANA AND IRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME by Christine

Marijuana and Crohn’s Disease (anecdotal)
Crohn’s Disease by Marilyn Loskot

Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping
BBSNews – Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping

Anti-inflammatory compound from cannabis found in herbs
Anti-inflammatory compound from cannabis found in herbs

Cannabidiol, extracted from Cannabis sativa, selectively inhibits inflammatory hypermotility in mice.
Cannabidiol, extracted from Cannabis sativa, selectively inhibits inflammatory hypermotility in mice.

Cannabinoids and gastrointestinal motility: animal and human studies.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoids and gastrointestinal motility: animal and human studies. Journal article

Cannabinoids and intestinal motility: welcome to CB2 receptors
Cannabinoids and intestinal motility: welcome to CB2 receptors

The endogenous cannabinoid system protects against colonic inflammation
The endogenous cannabinoid system protects against colonic inflammation

Central and peripheral cannabinoid modulation of gastrointestinal transit in physiological states or during the diarrhoea induced by croton oil
Central and peripheral cannabinoid modulation of gastrointestinal transit in physiological states or during the diarrhoea induced by croton oil

Modulation of peristalsis by cannabinoid CB1 ligands in the isolated guinea-pig ileum
Modulation of peristalsis by cannabinoid CB1 ligands in the isolated guinea-pig ileum

Intestinal obstruction by an unusual foreign body
Intestinal obstruction by an unusual foreign body

CRUETZFELDT-JACOB DISEASE– see MAD COW DISEASE

DEPRESSION

Cannabinoids promote hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant
Journal of Clinical Investigation — Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects

Antidepressant-like activity by blockade of anandamide hydrolysis
Antidepressant-like activity and modulation of brain monoaminergic transmission by blockade of anandamide hydrolysis

Decreased depression in marijuana users. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/15964704

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis and Depression
AAMC: Cannabis and Depression

Association between cannabis use and depression may not be causal, study says
IACM-Bulletin

Marijuana use and depression among adults: Testing for causal associations.
Marijuana use and depression among adults: Testing…[Addiction. 2006] – PubMed Result

Do patients use marijuana as an antidepressant?
Do patients use marijuana as an antidepressant? [Depression. 1996] – PubMed Result

Cannabis’ Acts as Antidepressant
‘Cannabis’ Acts as Antidepressant: The Hempire – [cannabis, uk]

Cannabis And Depression Research
Cannabis And Depression Research: The Hempire – [cannabis, london]

Cannabinoids elicit antidepressant-like behavior and activate serotonergic neurons
Cannabinoids elicit antidepressant-like behavior and activate serotonergic neurons through the medial prefrontal cortex.

Marijuana chemical may treat depression
Study: Marijuana chemical may treat depression

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Treating depression with cannabinoids
Internationale Arbeitsgemeinschaft Cannabis als Medizin

Animal research highlights a therapeutic potential of cannabinoids for the treatment of depression
http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/…_2008_02_1.pdf

DERMATITIS

Efficacy of dietary hempseed oil in patients with atopic dermatitis. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abst…yText=hempseed

Role seen for cannabis in helping to alleviate allergic skin disease
Role seen for cannabis in helping to alleviate allergic skin disease

Marijuana Might Help Cure Allergic Contact Dermatitis (a.k.a. Poison Ivy)
Skin Cancer – Marijuana Might Help Cure Allergic Contact Dermatitis (a.k.a. Poison Ivy)

Substances Similar To The Body’s Own ‘Cannabis (Marijuana) Are Necessary For Healthy Skin And May Lead To New Skin Disease Treatments
Substances Similar To The Body’s Own ‘Cannabis (Marijuana) Are Necessary For Healthy Skin And May Lead To New Skin Disease Treatments

DIABETES

Non-Psychoactive Cannabinoid Reduces Incidence Of Diabetes, Study Says
Non-Psychoactive Cannabinoid Reduces Incidence Of Diabetes, Study Says – NORML

Marijuana Compound May Help Stop Diabetic Retinopathy
Marijuana Compound May Help Stop Diabetic Retinopathy

Anticoagulant Effects of a Cannabis Extract in an Obese Rat Model
Anticoagulant effects of a Cannabis extract in an obese rat model.

Neuroprotective and Blood-Retinal Barrier-Preserving Effects of Cannabidiol
Neuroprotective and Blood-Retinal Barrier-Preserving Effects of Cannabidiol in Experimental Diabetes — El-Remessy et al. 168 (1): 235 — American Journal of Pathology

The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therapies
IngentaConnect The Cannabinergic System as a Target for Anti-inflammatory Therap…

Effect of tetrahydrocurcumin on blood glucose, plasma insulin and hepatic key enzymes
Unbound MEDLINE | Effect of tetrahydrocurcumin on blood glucose, plasma insulin and hepatic key enzymes in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Journal article

Cannabidiol reduces the development of diabetes in an animal study
IACM-Bulletin

Getting Eye On Cannabinoids
Getting Eye On Cannabinoids: The Hempire – [cannabis, legalise]

Marijuana compound could prevent eye damage in diabetics
Marijuana compound could prevent eye damage in diabetics: The Hempire – [cannabis, london]

The synthetic cannabinoid HU-210 attenuates neural damage in diabetic mice
Diabetes | Evolutionism | Dr. Bob Melamede

Cannabidiol arrests onset of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice
CSA: Cannabis Research – Diabetes

Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption
Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption

Biological effects of THC and a lipophilic cannabis extract on normal and insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes
Unbound MEDLINE | Biological effects of THC and a lipophilic cannabis extract on normal and insulin resistant 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Journal article

Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract on diabetes induced neuropathy and oxidative stress.
Unbound MEDLINE | Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress. Journal article

Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress.
Unbound MEDLINE | Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress. Journal article

DRIVING AND CANNABIS

Abstracts of several studies
Cannabis Research – driving and testing

Cannabis and driving
Cannabis and driving

CANNABIS AND ROAD SAFETY
CANNABIS AND ROAD SAFETY: AN OUTLINE OF THE RESEARCH STUDIES TO EXAMINE THE EFFECTS OF CANNABIS ON DRIVING SKILLS AND ON ACTUAL DRIVING PERFORMANCE

Marijuana And Actual Driving Performance
Marijuana And Actual Driving Performance

Cannabis and Driving: A Scientific and Rational Review
Cannabis and Driving: A Scientific and Rational Review – NORML

Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC
Unbound MEDLINE | [Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC] Journal article

Drivers With THC in their Blood Have Only a Small Increased Risk to Cause an Accident
BBSNews – Science: Drivers With THC in their Blood Have Only a Small Increased Risk to Cause an Accident

The effect of cannabis compared with alcohol on driving.
Unbound MEDLINE | The effect of cannabis compared with alcohol on driving. Journal article

DRONABINOL also see MARINOL

GENERIC NAME: DRONABINOL – ORAL (dro-NAB-in-all)
BRAND NAME(S): Marinol
DRONABINOL – ORAL (Marinol) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions.

Dronabinol in the treatment of refractory agitation in Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of dronabinol on anorexia and disturbed behavior in patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol an effective appetite stimulant?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Safety and efficacy of dronabinol in the treatment of agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of dronabinol on nutritional status in HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol stimulates appetite and causes weight gain in HIV patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol effects on weight in patients with HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Recent clinical experience with dronabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol enhancement of appetite in cancer patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and retinal hemodynamics in humans.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol reduces signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nausea relieved by tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol).
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol in patients with intractable pruritus secondary to cholestatic liver disease.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of spasticity in spinal cord injury with dronabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoid Activator Mellows Out Colon
Medical News: ACG: Cannabinoid Activator Mellows Out Colon – in Meeting Coverage, ACG from MedPage Today

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.

Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping
BBSNews – Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping

Improvement in Refractory Obsessive Compulsive Disorder With Dronabinol
Improvement in Refractory Obsessive Compulsive Disorder With Dronabinol — SCHINDLER et al. 165 (4): 536 — Am J Psychiatry

Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Unbound MEDLINE | Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Journal article

Synthetic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol) can improve the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Unbound MEDLINE | Synthetic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol) can improve the symptoms of schizophrenia. Journal article


DRUG INTERACTIONS-
see INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER DRUGS


DRUG TESTING

Hemp oil causes positive urine tests for THC
http://www.druglibrary.org/crl/drugt…JAnToxicol.pdf

Deposition of cannabinoids in hair after long-term use of cannabis
Deposition of cannabinoids in hair after long-term use of cannabis.

Cannabinoid concentrations in hair from documented cannabis users.
Cannabinoid concentrations in hair from documented cannabis users.

Detection time of regular THC use in urine shorter than often assumed
IACM-Bulletin

Differentiation between drug use and environmental contamination when testing for drugs in hair
ScienceDirect – Forensic Science International : Differentiation between drug use and environmental contamination when testing for drugs in hair

The effects of adulterants and selected ingested compounds on drugs-of-abuse testing in urine.
The effects of adulterants and selected ingested compounds on drugs-of-abuse testing in urine.

Roadside oral fluid testing: Comparison of the results of Drugwipe tests with laboratory
Roadside oral fluid testing: comparison of the results of drugwipe 5 and drugwipe benzodiazepines on-site tests with laboratory confirmation results of oral fluid and whole blood.

Toxicity From the Use of Niacin to Beat Urine Drug Screening
ScienceDirect – Annals of Emergency Medicine : Toxicity From the Use of Niacin to Beat Urine Drug Screening

Evaluation of the IDS One-Step™ ELISA kits for the detection of illicit drugs in hair
ScienceDirect – Forensic Science International : Evaluation of the IDS One-Step™ ELISA kits for the detection of illicit drugs in hair

Deposition of cannabinoids in hair after long-term use of cannabis
ScienceDirect – Forensic Science International : Deposition of cannabinoids in hair after long-term use of cannabis

Excretion of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in sweat
ScienceDirect – Forensic Science International : Excretion of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in sweat

Portable Oral-Fluid Tests Still Unreliable For Pot, Study Says
Portable Oral-Fluid Tests Still Unreliable for Pot, Study Says – NORML

Drug-Test Cheats Try New Tricks on Labs
Drug-Test Cheats Try New Tricks on Labs

Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse
Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse

Identifying New Cannabis Use with Urine Creatinine-Normalized THCCOOH Concentrations and Time Intervals Between Specimen Collections.
Unbound MEDLINE | Identifying New Cannabis Use with Urine Creatinine-Normalized THCCOOH Concentrations and Time Intervals Between Specimen Collections. Journal article

Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: results of a clinical study
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: results of a clinical study. Journal article

Potassium nitrite reaction with 11-nor-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid in urine in relation to the drug screening analysis
Potassium nitrite reaction with 11-nor-delta 9-tet…[J Forensic Sci. 1999] – PubMed Result

Are cannabinoids detected in hair after washing with Cannabio shampoo?
Are cannabinoids detected in hair after washing wi…[J Anal Toxicol. 1999] – PubMed Result

Weather-induced changes in cannabinoid content of hair
[Weather-induced changes in cannabinoid content of…[Arch Kriminol. 2003 Jan-Feb] – PubMed Result

Urinary elimination of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannnabinol in cannabis users during continuously monitored abstinence.
Unbound MEDLINE | Urinary elimination of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannnabinol in cannabis users during continuously monitored abstinence. Journal article

DYSTONIA

Cannabis sativa and dystonia secondary to Wilson’s disease. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/15390041

Experiences with THC-treatment in children and adolescents
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Evaluation of cannabidiol in dystonic movement disorders
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabidiol in dystonic movement disorders.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Beneficial and adverse effects of cannabidiol in a Parkinson patient
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of Meige’s syndrome with cannabidiol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

ENDOCANNABINOIDS

Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency
http://www.freedomtoexhale.com/clinical.pdf

The endocannabinoid system is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis
The endocannabinoid system is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis and in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis — Centonze et al., 10.1093/brain/awm160 — Brain

Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis
Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis — Pryce et al. 126 (10): 2191 — Brain

Migraine may be related to under production of cannabinoids
http://www.illinoisnorml.org/index2….o_pdf=1&id=755

Endocannabinoids: Multi-scaled, Global Homeostatic Regulators of Cells and Society
ICCS06/70 – NECSIWiki

Endocannabinoid chemical biology: a tool for the development of novel therapies.
Unbound MEDLINE | Endocannabinoid chemical biology: a tool for the development of novel therapies. Journal article

Harm reduction-the cannabis paradox
Harm Reduction Journal | Full text | Harm reduction-the cannabis paradox

Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection.
Unbound MEDLINE | Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection. Journal article

Parasitic brain infection, endocannabinoids, and schizophrenia.
Unbound MEDLINE | Parasitic brain infection, endocannabinoids, and schizophrenia. Journal article

The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye
Unbound MEDLINE | [The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye] Journal article

EPILEPSY

Epilepsy patients are smoking pot
ASA : Medical marijuana

Experiences with THC-treatment in children and adolescents
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Chronic administration of cannabidiol to healthy volunteers and epileptic patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Anticonvulsant nature of marihuana smoking.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis may help epileptics
Cannabis may help epileptics

Hypnotic and Antiepileptic Effects of Cannabidiol
medical marijuana, medical marijuana canada, compassion club, medical cannabis, medical marijuana vancouver – Hypnotic and Antiepileptic Effects of Cannabidiol

Marijuana: an effective antiepileptic treatment in partial epilepsy?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana and Epilepsy (anecdotal)
Marihuana and Epilepsy by Tim and Pattie Shellman

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Treatment with CBD in oily solution of drug-resistant paediatric epilepsies.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana Use More Prevalent With Epilepsy
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/465891

Endocannabinoids and Their Implications for Epilepsy
Endocannabinoids and Their Implications for Epilepsy

FAMILIAL MEDITERRANEAN FEVER

Pain relief with oral cannabinoids in familial Mediterranean fever.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

FERTILITY

Synthetic Cannabinoid May Aid Fertility In Smokers
Synthetic Cannabinoid May Aid Fertility In Smokers

FEVER

A Novel Role of Cannabinoids
A Novel Role of Cannabinoids: Implication in the Fever Induced by Bacterial Lipopolysaccharide — Benamar et al. 320 (3): 1127 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

A Cooling Effect From Cannabis?
CCRMG

Marijuana Might Really Make You Cool
Marijuana Might Really Make You Cool: The Hempire – [cannabis, hemp]

FIBROMYALGIA

Delta-9-THC based monotherapy in fibromyalgia patients
Delta-9-THC based monotherapy in Fibromyalgia patients on experimentally induced pain, axon reflex flare, and pain relief.

Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency
http://www.freedomtoexhale.com/clinical.pdf

Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana) for Fibromyalgia
Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana) for Fibromyalgia

THC Reduces Pain in Fibromyalgia Patients
Illinois NORML – THC Reduces Pain in Fibromyalgia Patients

Fibromyalgia: Effective Treatment with Medical Marijuana
Fibromyalgia: Effective Treatment with Medical Marijuana – Salem-News.Com

Cannabis Science: Nabilone reduced chronic pain caused by fibromyalgia
BBSNews – Marijuana Derivative Said Effective for Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia and Medical Marijuana
Can Medical Marijuana Help Relieve Symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia.
Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. [J Pain. 2008] – PubMed Result

Marijuana Ingredient May Cut Fibromyalgia Pain
Marijuana Ingredient May Cut Fibromyalgia Pain


GASTRIC BYPASS

THC effective in intractable nausea in a patient undergoing gastric bypass surgery
BBSNews – Oral THC Eased Gastric Bypass Nausea

GATEWAY THEORY

The Myth of Marijuana’s Gateway Effect
The Myth of Marijuana’s Gateway Effect

Endogenous cannabinoids are not involved in cocaine reinforcement
ScienceDirect – European Neuropsychopharmacology : Endogenous cannabinoids are not involved in cocaine reinforcement and development of cocaine-induced behavioural sensitization

No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse
No ‘Smoking’ Gun: Research Indicates Teen Marijuana Use Does Not Predict Drug, Alcohol Abuse

CLAIM #13:MARIJUANA IS A “GATEWAY” TO THE USE OF OTHER DRUGS
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Exposing Marijuana Myths

Gateway To Nowhere? The Evidence That Pot Doesn’t Lead To Heroin
Gateway To Nowhere? The Evidence That Pot Doesn’t Lead To Heroin: The Hempire – [cannabis, uk]

Cannabis use when it’s legal
ScienceDirect – Addictive Behaviors : Cannabis use when it’s legal

Cannabis Use- A Gateway to other Drugs? The Case of Amsterdam
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Cannab…ppingStone.pdf

Twin study fails to prove ‘gateway’ hypothesis
Twin study fails to prove ‘gateway’ hypothesis

The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence
The Surprising Effect Of Marijuana On Morphine Dependence – Health News – redOrbit

Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats
Active Ingredient In Cannabis Eliminates Morphine Dependence In Rats

Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats
Neuropsychopharmacology – Abstract of article: Adolescent Exposure to Chronic Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Blocks Opiate Dependence in Maternally Deprived Rats

GLAUCOMA/ VISION

Marijuana Smoking vs Cannabinoids for Glaucoma Therapy
Arch Ophthalmol — Abstract: Marijuana Smoking vs Cannabinoids for Glaucoma Therapy, November 1998, Green 116 (11): 1433

Dronabinol and retinal hemodynamics in humans.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of Sublingual Application of Cannabinoids on Intraocular Pressure
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in cancer chemotherapy. Ophthalmologic implications.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of marihuana on intraocular and blood pressure in glaucoma.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on intraocular pressure in humans.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marihuana smoking and intraocular pressure.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Neuroprotective and Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of (-)Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuroprotective and Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of (-)Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol in a Rat Model of Glaucoma. Journal article

Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced retinal neurotoxicity: involvement of peroxynitrite. Journal article

Effects of tetrahydrocannabinol on arterial and intraocular hypertension.
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/468444

Cannabis improves night vision:
ScienceDirect – Journal of Ethnopharmacology : Cannabis improves night vision: a case study of dark adaptometry and scotopic sensitivity in kif smokers of the Rif mountains of northern Morocco

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

US Patent 4189491 – Tetrahydrocannabinol in a method of treating glaucoma
Tetrahydrocannabinol in a method of treating glaucoma – US Patent 4189491 Abstract

Reduction of Congenital Nystagmus in a Patient after Smoking Cannabis.
Unbound MEDLINE | Reduction of Congenital Nystagmus in a Patient after Smoking Cannabis. Journal article

Cannabinoids and glaucoma
Cannabinoids and glaucoma

CONJUGATE DEVIATION OF THE EYES AFTER Cannabis indica INTOXICATION*
CONJUGATE DEVIATION OF THE EYES AFTER Cannabis indica INTOXICATION

Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection.
Unbound MEDLINE | Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection. Journal article

The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye
Unbound MEDLINE | [The role of endocannabinoid system in physiological and pathological processes in the eye] Journal article


GYNOCOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS

Cannabis Treatments in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Historical Review
http://www.freedomtoexhale.com/russo-ob.pdf

HEART DISEASE/ CARDIOVASCULAR

Marijuana Chemical Fights Hardened Arteries
Marijuana Chemical Fights Hardened Arteries

The endogenous cardiac cannabinoid system: a new protective mechanism
The endogenous cardiac cannabinoid system: a new p…[Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 2006] – PubMed Result

Cardiovascular pharmacology of cannabinoids.
waterpijpen, waterpijp, vloeitjes, bongs, hasj pijpen, headshop – Grasscity.com

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol protects cardiac cells from hypoxia
IngentaConnect Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol protects cardiac cells from hypoxia …

Does Cannabis Hold the Key to Treating Cardiometabolic Disease? (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/525040_print

Cannabinoid Offers Cardioprotection
Cannabinoid Offers Cardioprotection, Study Says – NORML

Heavy Cannabis Use Not Independently Associated With Cardiovascular Risks
Heavy Cannabis Use Not Independently Associated With Cardiovascular Risks – NORML

Marijuana use, diet, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk factors (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16893701

Cannabinoids and cardiovascular disease
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoids and cardiovascular disease: the outlook for clinical treatments. Journal article

Cannabinoids as therapeutic agents in cardiovascular disease
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoids as therapeutic agents in cardiovascular disease: a tale of passions and illusions. Journal article

The in vitro and in vivo cardiovascular effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Unbound MEDLINE | The in vitro and in vivo cardiovascular effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in rats made hypertensive by chronic inhibition of nitric oxide synthase. Journal article

Cannabinoids prevented the development of heart failure in animal study
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis use not associated with risk factors for diseases of heart and circulation
IACM-Bulletin

THC protects heart cells in the case of lowered oxygen supply
IACM-Bulletin

Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis
The Next Hurrah: Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis

Cardiovascular Effects of Cannabis
Cardiovascular Effects of Cannabis

Changes in middle cerebral artery velocity after marijuana
Changes in middle cerebral artery velocity after m…[Biol Psychiatry. 1992] – PubMed Result

Cannabidiol protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury.
Cannabidiol, a nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, protects against myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury.

Function of cannabinoids in heart failure
Unbound MEDLINE | [Function of cannabinoids in heart failure] Journal article

Cannabinoids as therapeutic agents in cardiovascular disease: a tale of passions and illusions
Cannabinoids as therapeutic agents in cardiovascular disease: a tale of passions and illusions

HEPATITIS

Moderate Cannabis Use Associated with Improved Treatment Response
Moderate Cannabis Use Associated with Improved Treatment Response in Hepatitis C Patients on Methadone

Cannabis use improves retention and virological outcomes in patients treated for hepatitis C
Cannabis use improves retention and virological outcomes in patients treated for hepatitis C

Hepatitis C – The Silent Killer Can Medical Cannabis Help?
AAMC: Hepatitis C – The Silent Killer

Study: Pot Helps Hepatitis Treatment
Study: Pot Helps Hepatitis Treatment: The Hempire – [cannabis, britain]

Attenuation of Experimental Autoimmune Hepatitis by Exogenous and Endogenous Cannabinoids
Attenuation of Experimental Autoimmune Hepatitis by Exogenous and Endogenous Cannabinoids: Involvement of Regulatory T Cells — Hegde et al. 74 (1): 20 — Molecular Pharmacology

Evaluation of oral cannabinoid-containing medications for the management of interferon and ribavirin-induced anorexia, nausea and weight loss in patients treated for chronic hepatitis C virus.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

HERPES

Cannabis May Help Combat Cancer-causing Herpes Viruses
Cannabis May Help Combat Cancer-causing Herpes Viruses

THC inhibits lytic replication of gamma oncogenic herpes viruses in vitro
Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) inhibits lytic replication of gamma oncogenic herpesviruses in vitro

Suppressive effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on herpes simplex virus infectivity in vitro
Suppressive effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol…[Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1991] – PubMed Result

Inhibition of cell-associated herpes simplex virus
The Effect of {Delta}-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol on Herpes Simplex Virus Replication — Blevins and Dumic 49 (2): 427 — Journal of General Virology

The Effect of {Delta}-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol on Herpes Simplex Virus Replication
The Effect of {Delta}-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol on Herpes Simplex Virus Replication — Blevins and Dumic 49 (2): 427 — Journal of General Virology

HICCUPS

Marijuana cures hiccups
Marijuana cures hiccups

Marijuana For Intractable Hiccups
The Cannabis Link – Medical / Healing Information


HISTORICAL STUDIES/ HISTORY

The La Guardia Committee Report
La Guardia Committee Report – Table of Contents

Physical, Mental, and Moral Effects of Marijuana: The Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report
Indian Hemp Drugs Commission Report – Effects of Marijuana

MARIAJUANA SMOKING IN PANAMA
Marijuana Smoking in Panama – Military Surgeon – 1933

The British Pharmaceutical Codex – 1934
Cannabis: British Pharmaceutical Codex, 1934

ON THE PREPARATIONS OF THE INDIAN HEMP, OR GUNJAH
On the Preparations of the Indian Hemp, or Gunjah

DISPENSATORY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Fifth Edition (1843)
Dispensatory: Cannabis sativa

New Remedies:Pharmaceutically and Therapeutically Considered Fourth Edition (1843)
Dunglison: Cannabis Indica

On the Haschisch or Cannabis Indica
On the Haschish or Cannabis Indica

ON INDICATIONS OF THE HACHISH-VICE IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
On indications of the Hachish-vice in the Old Testament

The Physiological Activity of Cannabis Sativa
The Physiological Activity of Cannabis Sativa

CANNABIS, U.S.P. (American Cannabis):
Cannabis Fluid Extract -From the Parke, Davis & Company 1929-1930 physicians’ catalog.

History of Cannabis and Its Preparations in Saga, Science and Sobriquet
Wiley InterScience :: Session Cookies

Observations on the medicinal properties of the Cannabis Sativa of India
Observations on the medicinal properties of the Cannabis Sativa of India

Cannabis Sativa Seu Indica: Indian Hemp
Cannabis Sativa Seu Indica: Indian Hemp

Collapse after intravenous injection of hashish. (1968)
Collapse after intravenous injection of hashish.

Adverse Effects of Intravenous Cannabis Tea (1977)
Adverse Effects of Intravenous Cannabis Tea

Paraquat and marijuana: epidemiologic risk assessment. (1978)
Paraquat and marijuana: epidemiologic risk assessment.

Hashish and drug abuse in Egypt during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Hashish and drug abuse in Egypt during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Marihuana and drug abuse. Recommendations of the Committee on Public Health, New York Academy of Medicine. (1973)
Marihuana and drug abuse. Recommendations of the Committee on Public Health, New York Academy of Medicine.

Observations on the Cannabis Indica, or Indian Hemp (1843)
Observations on the Cannabis Indica, or Indian Hemp

A Case of Dysmenorrhœa in Which the Tincture of Cannabis Indica Was Employed, with Some Observations upon That Drug
A Case of Dysmenorrhœa in Which the Tincture of Cannabis Indica Was Employed, with Some Observations upon That Drug

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia
Unbound MEDLINE | Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia. Journal article

TIME FACTOR IN UTILIZATION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS BY HEMP
TIME FACTOR IN UTILIZATION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS BY HEMP

HIV / AIDS

Marijuana Use Does Not Accelerate HIV Infection
Marijuana Use Does Not Accelerate HIV Infection

THC improves appetite and reverses weight loss in AIDS patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis in painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Smoked cannabis therapy for HIV-related painful peripheral neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Short-term effects of cannabinoids in patients with HIV-1 infection
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol as a treatment for anorexia associated with weight loss in patients with AIDS.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of dronabinol on nutritional status in HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol stimulates appetite and causes weight gain in HIV patients.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol effects on weight in patients with HIV infection.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Recent clinical experience with dronabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana as therapy for people living with HIV/AIDS: Social and health aspects
Unbound MEDLINE | Marijuana as therapy for people living with HIV/AIDS: Social and health aspects. Journal article

Marijuana and AIDS: A Four-Year Study
CCRMG

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.

Cannabis: Use in HIV for Pain and Other Medical Symptoms
ScienceDirect – Journal of Pain and Symptom Management : Cannabis Use in HIV for Pain and Other Medical Symptoms

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Denbinobin… inhibits HIV-1 replication through an NF-kappaB-dependent pathway.
Denbinobin, a naturally occurring 1,4-phenanthrenequinone, inhibits HIV-1 replication through an NF-kappaB-dependent pathway.

Marijuana Effectiveness as an HIV Self-Care Strategy
Marijuana Effectiveness as an HIV Self-Care Strategy — Corless et al. 18 (2): 172 — Clinical Nursing Research

HORMONES

Effects of chronic marijuana use on testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin and cortisol in men and women.
Effects of chronic marijuana use on testosterone, …[Drug Alcohol Depend. 1991] – PubMed Result

Marijuana: interaction with the estrogen receptor
Marijuana: interaction with the estrogen receptor — Sauer et al. 224 (2): 404 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

Endocrine Effects of Marijuana
http://www.ukcia.org/research/EndocrineEffects.pdf

HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE

EFFECTS OF CANNABIDIOL IN HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE
Effects of Cannabidiol in Huntington’s Disease

Nabilone Could Treat Chorea and Irritability in Huntington’s Disease
Nabilone Could Treat Chorea and Irritability in Huntington’s Disease — Curtis and Rickards 18 (4): 553 — J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci

HYSTERECTOMY

Effect of nabilone on nausea and vomiting after total abdominal hysterectomy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

IBS- see CROHN’S


IDIOPATHIC INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION

Dronabinol reduces signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

INTERACTIONS WITH OTHER DRUGS

Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and prochlorperazine in combination
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids, in combination with (NSAIDS), produce a synergistic analgesic effect
Community Forum – View Single Post – Cannabinoids Enhance Analgesic Effects Of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Add-on treatment with the synthetic cannabinomimetic nabilone on patients with chronic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Synergistic affective analgesic interaction between delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The analgesic properties of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and codeine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat
Unbound MEDLINE | Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat. Journal article

Cannabis reduces opioid dose in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Medicinal cannabis does not influence the clinical pharmacokinetics of irinotecan and docetaxel.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Interaction of cannabis and general anaesthetic agents in mice
Interaction of cannabis and general anaesthetic agents in mice

Cannabis Coadministration Potentiates the Effects of “Ecstasy” on Heart Rate and Temperature in Humans.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabis Coadministration Potentiates the Effects of “Ecstasy” on Heart Rate and Temperature in Humans. Journal article

Enhancing the in vitro cytotoxic activity of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol in leukemic cells through a combinatorial approach
Enhancing the in vitro cytotoxic activity of 9-tetrahydrocannabinol in leukemic cells through a combinatorial approach – Leukemia and Lymphoma

The multidrug transporter ABCG2 (BCRP) is inhibited by plant-derived cannabinoids.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17906686?ordinalpos=15&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez .Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPa nel.Pubmed_RVDocSum&log$=freejrpmc

Cyclic Antidepressants
Cyclic Antidepressants

Smoking Pot, Cigarettes Ups COPD Risk
Smoking Pot, Cigarettes Ups COPD Risk

Induction dose of propofol in patients using cannabis.
Unbound MEDLINE | Induction dose of propofol in patients using cannabis. Journal article

IQ/ MEMORY/ COGNATIVE EFFECTS

Current and former marijuana use: preliminary findings of a longitudinal study of effects on IQ in young adults
Current and former marijuana use: preliminary findings of a longitudinal study of effects on IQ in young adults — Fried et al. 166 (7): 887 — Canadian Medical Association Journal

Heavy cannabis use without long-term effect on global intelligence
IACM-Bulletin

Marijuana does not dent IQ permanently
Marijuana does not dent IQ permanently – 08 April 2002 – New Scientist

Cannabis use and cognitive decline in persons under 65 years of age
Cannabis use and cognitive decline in persons under 65 years of age

Differential Effects of THC or CBD-rich Cannabis Extracts on Working Memory in Rats
http://www.ukcia.org/research/THCCBDWorkingMemory.pdf

Neurocognitive performance during acute THC intoxication in heavy and occasional cannabis users.
Unbound MEDLINE | Neurocognitive performance during acute THC intoxication in heavy and occasional cannabis users. Journal article

Non-acute (residual) neurocognitive effects of cannabis use: a meta-analytic study.
Non-acute (residual) neurocognitive effects of can…[J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2003] – PubMed Result

Review: executive functioning and cannabis use.
Unbound MEDLINE | [Review: executive functioning and cannabis use.] Journal article

Neuropsychological effects of marijuana
Neuropsychological effects of marijuana

Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after THC.
Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after…[Brain Res. 1998] – PubMed Result

LEISHMANIASIS

Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa.
Unbound MEDLINE | Biologically Active Cannabinoids from High-Potency Cannabis sativa. Journal article

LIVER_ – NON HEPATITIS

Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress.
Unbound MEDLINE | Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress. Journal article


LONG TERM USE EFFECTS

Long-Term Marijuana Users Suffer Few Health Problems, Australian Study Indicates
Long-Term Marijuana Users Suffer Few Health Problems, Australian Study Indicates

Neuropsychological Performance in Long-term Cannabis Users
Neuropsychological Performance in Long-term Cannabis Users

Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California
Harm Reduction Journal | Full text | Long term marijuana users seeking medical cannabis in California (2001-2007): demographics, social characteristics, patterns of cannabis and other drug use of 4117 applicants

Long-term cannabis use: characteristics of users in an Australian rural area.
Long-term cannabis use: characteristics of users i…[Addiction. 1998] – PubMed Result

Survey of Australians using cannabis for medical purposes
Survey of Australians using cannabis for medical purposes

LUPUS

Cannabis May Suppress Immune System
Cannabis May Suppress Immune System

Systemic Lupus by Dawn (anecdotal)
Erowid Experience Vaults: Cannabis – Systemic Lupus – 49481

MAD COW/ CRUETZFELDT-JACOB DISEASE

Cannabidiol Prevents Prion Accumulation and Protects Neurons against Prion Toxicity
Nonpsychoactive Cannabidiol Prevents Prion Accumulation and Protects Neurons against Prion Toxicity — Dirikoc et al. 27 (36): 9537 — Journal of Neuroscience

Cannabidiol May be Effective in Preventing Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
BBSNews – Marijuana Ingredient May Prevent Mad Cow Disease


MARINOL/ SYNTHETICS/ CANNABINOID MIXTURES

GENERIC NAME: DRONABINOL – ORAL (dro-NAB-in-all)
BRAND NAME(S): Marinol
DRONABINOL – ORAL (Marinol) side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions.

CANNABIS AND MARINOL IN THE TREATMENT OF MIGRAINE HEADACHE
Cannabis and Marinol in the Treatment of Migraine Headache

Marinol vs Natural Cannabis
http://www.norml.org/pdf_files/NORML…l_Cannabis.pdf

The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol.
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16209908

Unheated Cannabis sativa extracts and its major compound THC-acid (may need free registration)
waterpijpen, waterpijp, vloeitjes, bongs, hasj pijpen, headshop – Grasscity.com. .com/medline/abstract/16504929?prt=true

Sativex in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis
Preliminary assessment of the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a cannabis-based medicine (Sativex) in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis — Blake et al. 45 (1): 50 — Rheumatology

Is dronabinol an effective appetite stimulant?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis associated detrusor overactivity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex® in patients with symptoms of spasticity due to multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Synthetic cannabinomimetic nabilone on patients with chronic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex produced significant improvements in a subjective measure of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the synthetic cannabinoid CT-3 on chronic neuropathic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoid rotation in a young woman with chronic cystitis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol in patients with intractable pruritus
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids reduce levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease:
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone on L-DOPA induced dyskinesia in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Big Pharma’s Strange Holy Grail: Cannabis Without Euphoria?
Fred Gardner: Cannabis Without Euphoria?

Sativex showed positive effects in 65 per cent of patients with chronic diseases
IACM-Bulletin

Medical use of cannabinoids does not cause an increase in serious adverse health effects
The adverse effects of cannabinoids: implications for use of medical marijuana — Degenhardt and Hall 178 (13): 1685 — Canadian Medical Association Journal

MEIGE’S SYNDROME

Treatment of Meige’s syndrome with cannabidiol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

MEMORY- see IQ

MENTAL DISORDERS- see SCHIZOPHRENIA

METHODS OF USE- EDIBLES

Cannabis Recipes
Cannabis Recipes – International Cannagraphic Magazine Forums

METHODS OF USE- SMOKING

Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts.
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts. Journal article

Response to marijuana as a function of potency and breathhold duration
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2027922?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.P ubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pu bmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=1&log$=relatedarticles&l ogdbfrom=pubmed

Breathhold duration and response to marijuana smoke.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2554344?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.P ubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pu bmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=2&log$=relatedarticles&l ogdbfrom=pubmed

Marijuana smoking: effects of varying puff volume and breathhold duration.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7853169?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.P ubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pu bmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=3&log$=relatedarticles&l ogdbfrom=pubmed

Marijuana Water Pipe and Vaporizer Study
Marijuana Water Pipe and Vaporizer Study

A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users
Unbound MEDLINE | A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users. Journal article

METHODS OF USE- VAPORIZERS

Vaporization as a smokeless cannabis delivery system
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Smokeless Cannabis Delivery Device Efficient And Less Toxic
Smokeless Cannabis Delivery Device Efficient And Less Toxic

Volcano is to Vaporizer As Porsche is to Automobile
CCRMG

Recommendation to Patients: “Don’t smoke, Vaporize”
CCRMG

Decreased respiratory symptoms in cannabis users who vaporize.
Decreased respiratory symptoms in cannabis users who vaporize.

Use of vaporizers reduces toxins from cannabis smoke
IACM-Bulletin

Marijuana Water Pipe and Vaporizer Study
Marijuana Water Pipe and Vaporizer Study

Effect of intrapulmonary tetrahydrocannabinol administration in humans.
Effect of intrapulmonary tetrahydrocannabinol administration in humans.

US Patent 7088914 – Device, method and resistive element for vaporizing a medicament
Device, method and resistive element for vaporizing a medicament – US Patent 7088914 Full Text

MIGRAINE/ HEADACHE

CANNABIS AND MARINOL IN THE TREATMENT OF MIGRAINE HEADACHE
Cannabis and Marinol in the Treatment of Migraine Headache

Dronabinol reduces signs and symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis and Migraine
AAMC: Cannabis and Migraine

Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency
http://www.freedomtoexhale.com/clinical.pdf

Hemp for Headache
http://www.freedomtoexhale.com/hh.pdf

Chronic Migraine Headache
Chronic Migraine Headache: Marijuana

Cannabis for Migraine Treatment: Once and Future Treatment?
http://www.druglibrary.org/crl/pain/…ne_%20Pain.pdf

Cannabinoids block release of serotonin from platelets induced by plasma from migraine patients
Cannabinoids block release of serotonin from platelets induced by plasma from migraine patients

Migraine may be related to under production of cannabinoids
http://www.illinoisnorml.org/index2….o_pdf=1&id=755

Cluster Attacks Responsive to Recreational Cannabis and Dronabinol.
Cluster attacks responsive to recreational cannabi…[Headache. 2009] – PubMed Result

Inhaled Cannabis Aborts Cluster Headaches, Journal Reports
Inhaled Cannabis Aborts Cluster Headaches, Journal Reports<br> <em>”Marijuana use at the onset of his headaches consistently brought complete relief within five minutes of inhalation for each attack”</em> – NORML

MORNING SICKNESS

Medical marijuana: a surprising solution to severe morning sickness
Medical Marijuana: A Surprising Solution to Severe Morning Sickness // Current

Medicinal cannabis use among childbearing women
http://safeaccess.ca/research/cannabis_nausea2006.pdf

Hyperemesis Gravidarum and Clinical Cannabis: To Eat or Not to Eat?
http://haworthpress.com/store/Articl…t.asp?ID=18139


MORTALITY RATES

Marijuana use and mortality.
Marijuana use and mortality.

Marijuana Smoking Doesn’t Lead to Higher Death Rate
CCRMG

How deadly is marijuana?
How deadly is marijuana?

Marijuana Smoking Doesn’t Kill
Marijuana Smoking Doesn’t Kill

MS

Sativex in patients with symptoms of spasticity due to multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana derivatives may provide MS treatment
Marijuana derivatives may provide MS treatment – Neurology –

Marijuana Helps MS Patients Alleviate Pain, Spasms
http://www.mult-sclerosis.org/news/S…msAndPain.html

Cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis
Randomized, controlled trial of cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis — Rog et al. 65 (6): 812 — Neurology

Cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis associated detrusor overactivity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of cannabis on urge incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis (CAMS) study
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex produced significant improvements in a subjective measure of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Do cannabis-based medicinal extracts have general or specific effects
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy, safety and tolerability of an oral cannabis extract in the treatment of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis-based extracts for bladder dysfunction in advanced multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Are oral cannabinoids safe and effective in refractory neuropathic pain?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis based medicinal extracts (CBME) in central neuropathic pain due to multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids for treatment of spasticity and other symptoms related to multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis based medicinal extract on refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the cannabinoid analogue nabilone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Orally and rectally administered delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of cannabinoids on spasticity and ataxia in multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC in the treatment of spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydrocannabinol for tremor in multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marihuana as a therapeutic agent for muscle spasm or spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis.
Unbound MEDLINE | Randomized controlled trial of cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis. Journal article

Cannabis based treatments for neuropathic and multiple sclerosis-related pain.
Unbound MEDLINE | Meta-analysis of cannabis based treatments for neuropathic and multiple sclerosis-related pain. Journal article

The effect of cannabis on urge incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis
Unbound MEDLINE | The effect of cannabis on urge incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis: a multicentre, randomised placebo-controlled trial (CAMS-LUTS). Journal article

Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis? An International Debate Rages
AAMC: Can Cannabis Help Multiple Sclerosis?

Cannabis’ Potential Exciting Researchers in Treatment of ALS, Parkinson’s Disease
http://www.illinoisnorml.org/index2….o_pdf=1&id=104

The endocannabinoid system is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis
The endocannabinoid system is dysregulated in multiple sclerosis and in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis — Centonze et al., 10.1093/brain/awm160 — Brain

Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis
Cannabinoids inhibit neurodegeneration in models of multiple sclerosis — Pryce et al. 126 (10): 2191 — Brain

Cannabis could hold the key to ending multiple sclerosis misery
Cannabis could hold the key to ending multiple sclerosis misery

Cuppa Gives A Better ‘ooh’
Cuppa Gives A Better ‘ooh’: The Hempire – [cannabis, london]

Therapeutic Action of Cannabinoids in a Murine Model of Multiple Sclerosis
Therapeutic Action of Cannabinoids in a Murine Model of Multiple Sclerosis — Arévalo-Martín et al. 23 (7): 2511 — Journal of Neuroscience

Cannabinoid control of neuroinflammation related to multiple sclerosis.
Cannabinoid control of neuroinflammation related to multiple sclerosis.

Therapeutic action of cannabinoid on axonal injury induced by peroxynitrite
ScienceDirect – Brain Research : Therapeutic action of cannabinoid on axonal injury induced by peroxynitrite

The use of cannabinoids in MS: is it evidence based?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/UseOfC…denceBased.pdf

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Whether whole plant Cannabis extracts can improve intractable neurogenic symptoms?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/WholeP…icSymptoms.pdf

Emerging properties of Cannabinoid medicines in the management of MS
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Manage…eSclerosis.pdf

Cannabis use in Spanish patients with multiple sclerosis
Cannabis use in Spanish patients with multiple scl…[J Neurol Sci. 2008] – PubMed Result

Cannabis May Halt Progression Of Multiple Sclerosis
Cannabis May Halt Progression Of Multiple Sclerosis, Study Says – NORML

Cannabinoid control of neuroinflammation related to multiple sclerosis
Cannabinoid control of neuroinflammation related to multiple sclerosis

Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption
Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption

Current Status of Cannabis Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis with an Illustrative Case Presentation of a Patient with MS, Complex Vocal Tics, Paroxysmal Dystonia, and Marijuana Dependence Treated with Dronabinol.
Unbound MEDLINE | Current Status of Cannabis Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis with an Illustrative Case Presentation of a Patient with MS, Complex Vocal Tics, Paroxysmal Dystonia, and Marijuana Dependence Treated with Dronabinol. Journal article

A review of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by people with multiple sclerosis.
Unbound MEDLINE | A review of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by people with multiple sclerosis. Journal article


MRSA

Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa
ACS Publications – Cookie absent

Killing bacteria with cannabis
Killing bacteria with cannabis – Ars Technica

Chemicals in Marijuana May Fight MRSA
Marijuana Ingredients May Fight MRSA

Marijuana Ingredients Show Promise In Battling Superbugs
Marijuana Ingredients Show Promise In Battling Superbugs – Journal Of Natural Products

How pot may win the war against super-bacteria
How pot may win the war against super-bacteria | ZDNet Healthcare | ZDNet.com

New medical uses found for marijuana
The Daily Free Press – New medical uses found for marijuana

Antibacterial cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: a structure-activity study.
Antibacterial cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: a…[J Nat Prod. 2008] – PubMed Result

Natural plant cannabinoids reduce multi-drug resistant infections
Natural plant cannabinoids reduce multi-drug resistant infections

How cannabis could save your life
How cannabis could save your life | Yahoo! Green

NABILONE

GENERIC NAME: NABILONE – ORAL (NAB-ih-lone)
Brand Names : Cesamet
NABILONE – ORAL side effects, medical uses, and drug interactions.

The synthetic cannabinoid nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and alizapride
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus domperidone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of nabilone and prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. prochlorperazine for refractory emesis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. placebo
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of nabilone and prochlorperazine on chemotherapy-induced emesis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Superiority of nabilone over prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus prochlorperazine for control of cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis in children
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of nabilone on nausea and vomiting after total abdominal hysterectomy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Synthetic cannabinomimetic nabilone on patients with chronic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone on L-DOPA induced dyskinesia in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the cannabinoid analogue nabilone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of nabilone and metoclopramide in the control of radiation-induced nausea.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone and metoclopramide in the treatment of nausea and vomiting
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of bronchial effects of nabilone and terbutaline
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone Could Treat Chorea and Irritability in Huntington’s Disease
Nabilone Could Treat Chorea and Irritability in Huntington’s Disease — Curtis and Rickards 18 (4): 553 — J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci

Cannabis Science: Nabilone reduced chronic pain caused by fibromyalgia
BBSNews – Marijuana Derivative Said Effective for Fibromyalgia

Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia.
Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. [J Pain. 2008] – PubMed Result

Antiinflammatory action of endocannabinoid palmitoylethanolamide and the synthetic cannabinoid nabilone in a model of acute inflammation in the rat
Antiinflammatory action of endocannabinoid palmitoylethanolamide and the synthetic cannabinoid nabilone in a model of acute inflammation in the rat

The use of a synthetic cannabinoid in the management of treatment-resistant nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The use of a synthetic cannabinoid in the manageme…[CNS Neurosci Ther. 2009] – PubMed Result

NAUSEA

THC improves appetite and reverses weight loss in AIDS patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy of dronabinol alone and in combination with ondansetron versus ondansetron alone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone improves pain and symptom management in cancer patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol for supportive therapy in patients with malignant melanoma and liver metastases.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nausea relieved by tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol).
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

An efficient new cannabinoid antiemetic in pediatric oncology.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of nabilone on nausea and vomiting after total abdominal hysterectomy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana as antiemetic medicine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol in patients refractory to standard anti-emetic therapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Inhalation marijuana as an antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus prochlorperazine for control of cancer chemotherapy-induced emesis in children
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of nabilone and metoclopramide in the control of radiation-induced nausea.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone and metoclopramide in the treatment of nausea and vomiting
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone: an alternative antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of the antiemetic efficacy of nabilone and alizapride
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone versus domperidone in the treatment of cytotoxic-induced emesis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC or Compazine for the cancer chemotherapy patient–the UCLA study
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of nabilone and prochlorperazine for emesis induced by cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. prochlorperazine for refractory emesis induced by cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone vs. placebo in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dose vs response of tetrahydroannabinol (THC) vs prochlorperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports delta 9-

Comparative trial of the antiemetic effects of THC and haloperidol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Comparison of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and prochlorperazine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydrocannabinol in cancer chemotherapy. Ophthalmologic implications.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Antiemetic effect of tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The antiemetic activity of tetrahydrocanabinol versus metoclopramide and thiethylperazine
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The antiemetic effects of nabilone and prochlorperazine on chemotherapy-induced emesis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic for patients receiving cancer chemotherapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antiemetic in cancer patients receiving high-dose methotrexate
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC as an antiemetic in patients treated with cancer chemotherapy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Amelioration of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by delta-9-THC.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Superiority of nabilone over prochlorperazine as an antiemetic
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Antiemetic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Receptor mechanism and antiemetic activity of structurally-diverse cannabinoids
Unbound MEDLINE | Receptor mechanism and antiemetic activity of structurally-diverse cannabinoids against radiation-induced emesis in the least shrew. Journal article

Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping
BBSNews – Mayo Study: Marijuana’s THC Reduces Stomach Cramping

THC effective in intractable nausea in a patient undergoing gastric bypass surgery
BBSNews – Oral THC Eased Gastric Bypass Nausea

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Oral vs. Inhaled Cannabinoids for Nausea/Vomiting from Cancer Chemotherapy
Report on New Mexico Cancer/Marijuana Study

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannibinol as an Antiemetic in Cancer Patients Receiving High-Dose Methotrexate
Inhaled THC Produces Better Blood Levels than THC by Mouth

Hyperemesis Gravidarum and Clinical Cannabis: To Eat or Not to Eat?
http://haworthpress.com/store/Articl…t.asp?ID=18139

Antiemetic efficacy of smoked marijuana: subjective and behavioral effects on nausea induced by syrup of ipecac
Antiemetic efficacy of smoked marijuana: subjectiv…[Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2001 Jul-Aug] – PubMed Result

Medical marijuana: a surprising solution to severe morning sickness
Medical Marijuana: A Surprising Solution to Severe Morning Sickness // Current

NEURONS/ BRAIN CELLS

Marijuana Promotes Neuron Growth
Study Shows Marijuana Promotes Neuron Growth – OhmyNews International

Marijuana-Like Chemicals in the Brain Calm Neurons
Marijuana-Like Chemicals in the Brain Calm Neurons – MedPot.net/Forums

Marijuana May Spur New Brain Cells
Marijuana May Spur New Brain Cells – TreatingYourself.COM Online Community

Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis
Journal of Clinical Investigation — Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects

NEUROPATHIC PAIN

Cannabinoids Among Most Promising Approaches to Treating Neuropathic Pain
In MedPanel Summit, Leading Pain Experts Name Cannabinoids Among Most Promising Approaches to Treating Neuropathic Pain, Assert That Sociopolitical Climate Will Hamper Drug Approvals – Health News – redOrbit

Cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis
Randomized, controlled trial of cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis — Rog et al. 65 (6): 812 — Neurology

Cannabis in painful HIV-associated sensory neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Smoked cannabis therapy for HIV-related painful peripheral neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Two cannabis based medicinal extracts for relief of central neuropathic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis based medicinal extracts (CBME) in central neuropathic pain due to multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the synthetic cannabinoid CT-3 on chronic neuropathic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Smoked cannabis in painful peripheral neuropathy and cancer pain refractory to opiods.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the cannabinoid analogue nabilone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis based treatments for neuropathic and multiple sclerosis-related pain.
Unbound MEDLINE | Meta-analysis of cannabis based treatments for neuropathic and multiple sclerosis-related pain. Journal article

Whether whole plant Cannabis extracts can improve intractable neurogenic symptoms?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/WholeP…icSymptoms.pdf

Efficacy of 2 Cannabis based medicinal extracts for relief of central neuropathic pain
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Centra…inEfficacy.pdf

A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of cannabis cigarettes in neuropathic pain.
A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of cannabis cigarettes in neuropathic pain.

Medicinal Marijuana Effective For Neuropathic Pain In HIV,
Medicinal Marijuana Effective For Neuropathic Pain In HIV, Study Finds

#The synthetic cannabinoid WIN55,212-2 attenuates hyperalgesia and allodynia in a rat model of neuropathic pain
The synthetic cannabinoid WIN55,212-2 attenuates hyperalgesia and allodynia in a rat model of neuropathic pain

A Randomized, Placebo Controlled Cross-Over Trial of Cannabis Cigarettes in Neuropat6hic Pain
http://www.cmcr.ucsd.edu/geninfo/Wilsey_2008.pdf

Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress.
Unbound MEDLINE | Beneficial effects of a Cannabis sativa extract treatment on diabetes-induced neuropathy and oxidative stress. Journal article

NEUROPROTECTANT

Marijuana Protects Your Brain
art-mjbrain.html

The neuroprotective effect of cannabinoids in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/17196181

Neuroprotective and Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of (-)Delta-THC
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuroprotective and Intraocular Pressure-Lowering Effects of (-)Delta-Tetrahydrocannabinol in a Rat Model of Glaucoma. Journal article

Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuroprotective effect of (-)Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in N-methyl-D-aspartate-induced retinal neurotoxicity: involvement of peroxynitrite. Journal article

Neuroprotection induced by Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in AF5 cells
Unbound MEDLINE | Increases in expression of 14-3-3 eta and 14-3-3 zeta transcripts during neuroprotection induced by Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in AF5 cells. Journal article

Cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action
Unbound MEDLINE | Delayed treatment with cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action via a cannabinoid receptor-independent myeloperoxidase-inhibiting mechanism. Journal article

Cannabidiol but not Delta(9)-THC has a neuroprotective effect without the development of tolerance..
Unbound MEDLINE | Repeated treatment with cannabidiol but not Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol has a neuroprotective effect without the development of tolerance. Journal article

Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction via hypothalamic-independent hypothermia. Journal article

Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol protects hippocampal neurons from excitotoxicity
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol protects hippocampal neurons from excitotoxicity. Journal article

Cannabis and Neuroprotection
AAMC: Cannabis and Neuroprotection

Neuroprotection by Delta 9-THC against Ouabain-Induced In Vivo Excitotoxicity
Neuroprotection by {Delta}9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, the Main Active Compound in Marijuana, against Ouabain-Induced In Vivo Excitotoxicity — van der Stelt et al. 21 (17): 6475 — Journal of Neuroscience

Cannabinoids and Neuroprotection in Global and Focal Cerebral Ischemia and in Neuronal Cultures
Cannabinoids and Neuroprotection in Global and Focal Cerebral Ischemia and in Neuronal Cultures — Nagayama et al. 19 (8): 2987 — Journal of Neuroscience

Cannabinoid activation of PPARalpha; a novel neuroprotective mechanism
British Journal of Pharmacology

The use of cannabinoids in MS: is it evidence based?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/UseOfC…denceBased.pdf

Neurons on Cannabinoids: Dead or Alive?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/NeuronsDeadOrAlive.pdf

Cannabinoids and Brain Injury: Therapeutic Inplications
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Cannab…rainInjury.pdf

Cannabidiol and delta 9THC are neuroprotective antioxidants
http://www.ukcia.org/research/Neurop…tioxidants.pdf

Cannabidiol and (−)Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants
Cannabidiol and (&#x02212Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants

Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection.
Unbound MEDLINE | Endocannabinoids in the retina: From marijuana to neuroprotection. Journal article

Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol in medicine: a review of its therapeutic potential in CNS disorders. Journal article

Cannabidiol: a promising drug for neurodegenerative disorders?
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol: a promising drug for neurodegenerative disorders? Journal article

NUTRITION

Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’ (hemp seed- at the very end)
BBC NEWS | Health | Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’

Efficacy of dietary hempseed oil in patients with atopic dermatitis. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abst…yText=hempseed

Effects of smoked marijuana on food intake and body weight
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Characterization, amino acid composition and in vitro digestibility of hemp (Cannabis) proteins
ScienceDirect – Food Chemistry : Characterization, amino acid composition and in vitro digestibility of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) proteins

HEMP SEED: THE MOST NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE FOOD SOURCE IN THE WORLD (1)
HEMP SEED: The Most Nutritionally Complete Food Source In The World

HEMP SEED: THE MOST NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE FOOD SOURCE IN THE WORLD (2)
HEMP SEED: The Most Nutritionally Complete Food Source In The World

Hemp seed oil: A source of valuable essential fatty acids
Hemp seed oil: A source of valuable essential fatty acids

Occurrence of “omega-3” stearidonic acid in hemp seed
Occurrence of “omega-3” stearidonic acid in hemp seed

Hemp Seed Oil : The Wonder Oil For the New Millennium
Hemp Seed Oil, The Wonder Oil for the New Millennium

Cannabis butter to spread across Europe
Cannabis butter to spread across Europe

Hempseed as a nutritional resource: An overview
http://www.finola.com/HempseedNutrition.pdf

Hempseed: Nature’s Perfect Food?
Hempseed: Nature’s Perfect Food?

Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid
Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid

Hemp Foods and THC Levels: A Scientific Assessment 1
THC Limits for Food, Part I

Hemp Foods and THC Levels: A Scientific Assessment 2
THC Limits for Food, Part II


OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDER

Improvement in Refractory Obsessive Compulsive Disorder With Dronabinol
Improvement in Refractory Obsessive Compulsive Disorder With Dronabinol — SCHINDLER et al. 165 (4): 536 — Am J Psychiatry

OBESITY

Does Cannabis Hold the Key to Treating Cardiometabolic Disease? (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/525040_print

Effects of smoked marijuana on food intake and body weight
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

ORGAN TRANSPLANTS

Marijuana Use in Potential Liver Transplant Candidates.
Unbound MEDLINE | Marijuana Use in Potential Liver Transplant Candidates. Journal article

The debate about marijuana usage in transplant candidates: recent medical evidence on marijuana health effects
Unbound MEDLINE | The debate about marijuana usage in transplant candidates: recent medical evidence on marijuana health effects. Journal article

OSTEOPOROSIS/ BONES

Prototype drug to prevent osteoporosis based on cannabinoids
Scientists develop prototype drug to prevent osteoporosis based on cannabinoids produced by body

Hebrew U. Researchers Find Cannabis Can Strengthen Bones
Hebrew U. Researchers Find Cannabis Can Strengthen Bones – Good News – Israel News – Israel National News

Peripheral cannabinoid receptor, CB2, regulates bone mass
Peripheral cannabinoid receptor, CB2, regulates bone mass — PNAS

New Weapon In Battle Against Osteoporosis
New Weapon In Battle Against Osteoporosis

Activation of CB2 receptor attenuates bone loss in osteoporosis
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis-like compound prevents bone loss
Cannabis-like compound prevents bone loss: The Hempire – [cannabis, uk]

The cannabinoid CB1 receptor regulates bone formation by modulating adrenergic signaling
The cannabinoid CB1 receptor regulates bone formation by modulating adrenergic signaling.

Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabidiol decreases bone resorption by inhibiting RANK/RANKL expression and pro-inflammatory cytokines during experimental periodontitis in rats. Journal article

PAIN

Cannabis effective at relieving pain after major surgery
Cannabis effective at relieving pain after major surgery

Cannabinoids, in combination with (NSAIDS), produce a synergistic analgesic effect
Community Forum – View Single Post – Cannabinoids Enhance Analgesic Effects Of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Cannabinoids Among Most Promising Approaches to Treating Neuropathic Pain,
In MedPanel Summit, Leading Pain Experts Name Cannabinoids Among Most Promising Approaches to Treating Neuropathic Pain, Assert That Sociopolitical Climate Will Hamper Drug Approvals – Health News – redOrbit

Cannabinoid analgesia as a potential new therapeutic option (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16449552

Analgesic and adverse effects of an oral cannabis extract (Cannador) for postoperative pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC based monotherapy in fibromyalgia patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Add-on treatment with the synthetic cannabinomimetic nabilone on patients with chronic pain –
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Synergistic affective analgesic interaction between delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Are oral cannabinoids safe and effective in refractory neuropathic pain?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol in the treatment of agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease with anorexia
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis use for chronic non-cancer pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydrocannabinol for treatment of chronic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of the cannabinoid analogue nabilone
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Pain relief with oral cannabinoids in familial Mediterranean fever.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of orally and rectally administered delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marihuana as a therapeutic agent for muscle spasm or spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The analgesic properties of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and codeine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Most pain patients gain benefit from cannabis in a British study
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.
Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from therapeutic clinical trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.

Cannabis: Use in HIV for Pain and Other Medical Symptoms
ScienceDirect – Journal of Pain and Symptom Management : Cannabis Use in HIV for Pain and Other Medical Symptoms

Ajulemic acid: A novel cannabinoid produces analgesia without a “high”
ScienceDirect – Life Sciences : Ajulemic acid: A novel cannabinoid produces analgesia without a “high”

Therapeutic Aspects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
ROBSON: Br J Psychiatry, Volume 178().February 2001.107-115

Whether whole plant Cannabis extracts can improve intractable neurogenic symptoms?
http://www.ukcia.org/research/WholeP…icSymptoms.pdf

ANALGESIC AND ANTIINFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF CONSTITUENTS OF CANNABIS SATIVA L.
Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Constituents of Cannabis Sativa

NOVEL SYNERGISTIC OPIOID-CANNABINOID CODRUG FOR PAIN MANAGEMENT
Novel synergistic opioid-cannabinoid codrug for pain management – Patent Application 20080176885

Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia.
Nabilone for the treatment of pain in fibromyalgia. [J Pain. 2008] – PubMed Result

Cannabis reduces opioid dose in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Role of the Cannabinoid System in Pain Control and Therapeutic Implications for the Management of Acute and Chronic Pain Episodes
Role of the Cannabinoid System in Pain Control and Therapeutic Implications for the Management of Acute and Chronic Pain Episodes

A Randomized, Placebo Controlled Cross-Over Trial of Cannabis Cigarettes in Neuropathic Pain
http://www.cmcr.ucsd.edu/geninfo/Wilsey_2008.pdf

PANCREATITIS

Cannabinoids ameliorate pain and reduce disease pathology in cerulein -induced acute pancreatitis
mark ware create newsletter template at ccicnewsletter.com

Cannabinoids Reduce Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis in Pancreatic Stellate Cells
Cannabinoids Reduce Markers of Inflammation and Fibrosis in Pancreatic Stellate Cells

PARKINSON’S DISEASE

Marijuana Compounds May Aid Parkinson’s Disease
cannabisnews.com: Marijuana Compounds May Aid Parkinson’s Disease

Marijuana-Like Chemicals Helps Treat Parkinson’s
cannabisnews.com: Marijuana-Like Chemicals Helps Treat Parkinson’s

Cannabis use in Parkinson’s disease: subjective improvement of motor symptoms.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids reduce levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone on L-DOPA induced dyskinesia in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Evaluation of cannabidiol in dystonic movement disorders.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Beneficial and adverse effects of cannabidiol in a Parkinson patient
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Neuroprotective effect of cannabinoids in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/17196181

Cannabinoids in parkinsonism (3 abstracts)
Cannabinoids in parkinsonism (PD Congress report)

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

PATENTS RELATED TO CANNABIS

US Patent 7344736 – Extraction of pharmaceutically active components from plant materials
Extraction of pharmaceutically active components from plant materials – US Patent 7344736 Full Text

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

US Patent 6328992 – Cannabinoid patch and method for cannabis transdermal delivery
Cannabinoid patch and method for cannabis transdermal delivery – US Patent 6328992 Abstract

US Patent 6949582 – Method of relieving analgesia and reducing inflamation using a cannabinoid delivery topical liniment
Method of relieving analgesia and reducing inflamation using a cannabinoid delivery topical liniment – US Patent 6949582 Full Text

US Patent 7402686 – Cannabinoid crystalline derivatives and process of cannabinoid purification
Cannabinoid crystalline derivatives and process of cannabinoid purification – US Patent 7402686 Full Text

US Patent 6713048 – Δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9 THC) solution metered dose inhalers and methods of use
&Delta;9 tetrahydrocannabinol (&Delta;9 THC) solution metered dose inhalers and methods of use – US Patent 6713048 Full Text

US Patent 6974568 – Treatment for cough
Treatment for cough – US Patent 6974568 Full Text

US Patent 7088914 – Device, method and resistive element for vaporizing a medicament
Device, method and resistive element for vaporizing a medicament – US Patent 7088914 Full Text

US Patent 7399872 – Conversion of CBD to Δ-THC and Δ-THC
Conversion of CBD to &Delta;-THC and &Delta;-THC – US Patent 7399872 Full Text

US Patent 6383513 – Compositions comprising cannabinoids (nasal spray)
Compositions comprising cannabinoids – US Patent 6383513 Full Text

US Patent 6132762 – Transcutaneous application of marijuana
Transcutaneous application of marijuana – US Patent 6132762 Abstract

US Patent 4189491 – Tetrahydrocannabinol in a method of treating glaucoma
Tetrahydrocannabinol in a method of treating glaucoma – US Patent 4189491 Abstract

US Patent Application 20060242899 – Method of cultivating plants
Method of cultivating plants – Patent Application 20060242899


POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER/ PTSD

Israel to soothe soldiers with marijuana
NewsMine.org – Israel to soothe soldiers with marijuana

Study: Marijuana Eases Traumatic Memories
cannabisnews.com: Study: Marijuana Eases Traumatic Memories

Medical Marijuana: PTSD Medical Malpractice
Medical Marijuana: PTSD Medical Malpractice – Salem-News.Com

Cannabis for the Wounded – Another Walter Reed Scandal
http://www.libertypost.org/cgi-bin/r…179973&Disp=11

PTSD and Cannabis: A Clinician Ponders Mechanism of Action
CCRMG

Cannabis Eases Post Traumatic Stress
CCRMG

Endocannabinoids extinguish bad memories in the brain
IACM-Bulletin

Natural high helps banish bad memories
Natural high helps banish bad memories – 31 July 2002 – New Scientist

The use of a synthetic cannabinoid in the management of treatment-resistant nightmares in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
The use of a synthetic cannabinoid in the manageme…[CNS Neurosci Ther. 2009] – PubMed Result


PREGNANCY

Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’
BBC NEWS | Health | Oily fish makes ‘babies brainier’

Ganja use among Jamaican women.
Jamaican Woman

Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study
Latest News – Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study

Cannabis Relieves Morning Sickness
CCRMG

Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Neonatal Outcomes in Jamaica
Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Neonatal Outcomes in Jamaica: An Ethnographic Study

The Endocannabinoid-CB Receptor System
http://www.nel.edu/pdf_/25_12/NEL251204A01_Fride_.pdf

CLAIM #7: MARIJUANA USE DURING PREGNANCY HARMS THE FETUS
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Exposing Marijuana Myths

More Pregnancy Highs Than Lows
More Pregnancy Highs Than Lows: The Hempire – [cannabis, legalise]

Medicinal cannabis use among childbearing women
ScienceDirect – Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice : Survey of medicinal cannabis use among childbearing women: Patterns of its use in pregnancy and retroactive self-assessment of its efficacy against ‘morning sickness’

Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women’s choices, and the question of safety and efficacy
ScienceDirect – Complementary Therapies in Nursing and Midwifery : Use of anti-emetic herbs in pregnancy: women’s choices, and the question of safety and efficacy

Medical marijuana: a surprising solution to severe morning sickness
Medical Marijuana: A Surprising Solution to Severe Morning Sickness // Current

PRENATAL EXPOSURE

Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Neonatal Outcomes in Jamaica
Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Neonatal Outcomes in Jamaica: An Ethnographic Study

The Endocannabinoid-CB Receptor System
http://www.nel.edu/pdf_/25_12/NEL251204A01_Fride_.pdf

Ganja use among Jamaican women.
Jamaican Woman

Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study
Latest News – Dreher’s Jamaican Pregnancy Study

Nonmutagenic action of cannabinoids in vitro
Nonmutagenic Action of Cannabinoids <i>in vitr</i><i>o</i>

Prenatal exposure to tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and caffeine on birth size and subsequent growth.
A comparison of the effects of prenatal exposure t…[Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1987 Mar-Apr] – PubMed Result

Tobacco and marijuana use on offspring growth from birth through 3 years of age.
The effects of prenatal tobacco and marijuana use …[Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1992 Nov-Dec] – PubMed Result

Prenatal marijuana use and neonatal outcome.
Prenatal marijuana use and neonatal outcome. [Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1991 May-Jun] – PubMed Result

Prenatal exposure to a cannabinoid receptor agonist does not affect sensorimotor gating in rats
ScienceDirect – European Journal of Pharmacology : Prenatal exposure to a cannabinoid receptor agonist does not affect sensorimotor gating in rats

Hyperemesis Gravidarum and Clinical Cannabis: To Eat or Not to Eat?
http://haworthpress.com/store/Articl…t.asp?ID=18139

Medical marijuana: a surprising solution to severe morning sickness
Medical Marijuana: A Surprising Solution to Severe Morning Sickness // Current

Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse
Comparison of meconium and neonatal hair analysis for detection of gestational exposure to drugs of abuse

PRIONS

Cannabidiol Prevents Prion Accumulation and Protects Neurons against Prion Toxicity
Nonpsychoactive Cannabidiol Prevents Prion Accumulation and Protects Neurons against Prion Toxicity — Dirikoc et al. 27 (36): 9537 — Journal of Neuroscience

Cannabidiol May be Effective in Preventing Bovine Spongiforme Enzephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease)
BBSNews – Marijuana Ingredient May Prevent Mad Cow Disease

PRURITIS

Cream with endocannabinoids effective in the treatment of pruritus
BBSNews: Science: Cream with endocannabinoids effective in the treatment of pruritus due to kidney disease

Topical cannabinoid agonists : An effective new possibility for treating chronic pruritus.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Dronabinol in patients with intractable pruritus secondary to cholestatic liver disease.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

QUITTING OTHER DRUGS

Crack heads and roots daughters: The therapeutic use of cannabis in Jamaica (cocaine)
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Role of cannabinoid receptors in alcohol abuse
Role of cannabinoid receptors in alcohol abuse, study

Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity
Comparison of Cannabidiol, Antioxidants, and Diuretics in Reversing Binge Ethanol-Induced Neurotoxicity — Hamelink et al. 314 (2): 780 — Journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics

Cannabis substitution (alcohol)
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis as a Substitute for Alcohol
CCRMG

Intermittent marijuana use is associated with improved retention in naltrexone treatment for opiate-dependence.
Unbound MEDLINE | Intermittent marijuana use is associated with improved retention in naltrexone treatment for opiate-dependence. Journal article

Effects of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM 251 on the reinstatement of nicotine-conditioned place preference by drug priming in rats.
Unbound MEDLINE | Effects of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist AM 251 on the reinstatement of nicotine-conditioned place preference by drug priming in rats. Journal article

Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts.
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts. Journal article

SAFETY

Proven: Cannabis is safe medicine
Proven: Cannabis is safe medicine

Excerpt from the Merck Manual
Excerpt from the Merck Manual

Medical use of cannabinoids does not cause an increase in serious adverse health effects
The adverse effects of cannabinoids: implications for use of medical marijuana — Degenhardt and Hall 178 (13): 1685 — Canadian Medical Association Journal

Claims Linking Health Problems And The Strength Of Cannabis May Be Exaggerated
Claims Linking Health Problems And The Strength Of Cannabis May Be Exaggerated

Alcohol and cannabis use as risk factors for injury – a case-crossover analysis in a Swiss hospital emergency department
BioMed Central | Full text | Alcohol and cannabis use as risk factors for injury – a case-crossover analysis in a Swiss hospital emergency department

The good and the bad effects of (−) trans-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) on humans
ScienceDirect – Toxicon : The good and the bad effects of (&#x2212 trans-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) on humans


SAFETY-ADULTERANTS/ CONTAMINANTS

Smoke Pot, Get Lead Poisoning? (Germany/Europe)
Smoke Pot, Get Lead Poisoning?

Neuropsychological effects of formaldehyde use
Unbound MEDLINE | Neuropsychological effects of formaldehyde use. Journal article

Microbiological contaminants of marijuana
Microbiological contaminants of marijuana

Paraquat and marijuana: epidemiologic risk assessment.
Paraquat and marijuana: epidemiologic risk assessment.

Adulteration of cannabis with tobacco, calamus, and other cholinergic compounds
http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/…_2008_04_2.pdf

An evaluation of the quality of medicinal grade cannabis in the Netherlands
http://www.cannabis-med.org/english/…_2006_01_1.pdf

Marijuana smoking and fungal sensitization.
Marijuana smoking and fungal sensitization. [J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1983] – PubMed Result

Ammonia release from heated ‘street’ cannabis leaf and its potential toxic effects on cannabis users.
Unbound MEDLINE | Ammonia release from heated ‘street’ cannabis leaf and its potential toxic effects on cannabis users. Journal article

The use of fry (embalming fluid and PCP-laced cigarettes or marijuana sticks) among crack cocaine smokers
Unbound MEDLINE | The use of fry (embalming fluid and PCP-laced cigarettes or marijuana sticks) among crack cocaine smokers. Journal article

SATIVEX

Questions and Answers About SATIVEX® Liquid Medical Marijuana
Questions and Answers About SATIVEX® Liquid Medical Marijuana

Sativex in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis
Preliminary assessment of the efficacy, tolerability and safety of a cannabis-based medicine (Sativex) in the treatment of pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis — Blake et al. 45 (1): 50 — Rheumatology

Sativex produced significant improvements in a subjective measure of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis associated detrusor overactivity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex showed positive effects in 65 per cent of patients with chronic diseases
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis; adverse effects from an oromucosal spray.
http://marijuana.researchtoday.net/archive/4/8/1357.htm

Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.
Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from therapeutic clinical trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.

Sativex successfully treats neuropathic pain characterised by allodynia
ScienceDirect – Pain : Sativex successfully treats neuropathic pain characterised by allodynia: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial

Conditional okay for cannabis prescription drug
Drug Regulation: Conditional okay for cannabis prescription drug

SCHIZOPHRENIA/ MENTAL DISORDERS

Increased cannabinoid receptor density in the posterior cingulate cortex in schizophrenia.
(may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/16710682

Symptoms of schizotypy precede cannabis use.
UKCIA forum :: Research :: Symptoms of schizotypy precede cannabis use.

Cannabidiol as an antipsychotic
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Anandamide levels in cerebrospinal fluid of first-episode schizophrenic patients
Unbound MEDLINE | Anandamide levels in cerebrospinal fluid of first-episode schizophrenic patients: Impact of cannabis use. Journal article

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Effects on Psychosis and Cognition
Unbound MEDLINE | An Experimental Study of Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Val(158)Met Moderation of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Effects on Psychosis and Cognition. Journal article

Cannabis is a First-Line Treatment for Childhood Mental Disorders
Dr. Tod Mikuriya: Cannabis as a Frontline Treatment for Childhood Mental Disorders

Cannabis does not induce schizophrenia,
Cannabis does not induce schizophrenia, Dutch scientists say

Cannabis use does not cause schizophrenia
Cannabis use does not cause schizophrenia -Schizophrenia News-

Cannabinoids and psychosis.
Cannabinoids and psychosis. [Int Rev Neurobiol. 2007] – PubMed Result

Cannabis as a psychotropic medication
Cannabis as a psychotropic medication — Chaturvedi 185 (1): 78 — The British Journal of Psychiatry

Study Shows Long Term Marijuana Users Healthy
Erowid Cannabis Vault : Health Effects : Study #3

Cannabis and schizophrenia link blurs further
Cannabis and schizophrenia link blurs further – health – 16 April 2005 – New Scientist

Evidence does not show a strong causal relation between the use of cannabis and psychosocial harm
NHS Evidence – Mental health – Aetiology – Review: current evidence does not show a strong causal relation between the use of cannabis in young people and psychosocial harm

No Increased Schizophrenia Risk With Use Of Cannabis
No Increased Schizophrenia Risk With Use Of Cannabis: The Hempire – [cannabis, uk]

Recipe For Trouble (anecdotal)
Recipe For Trouble – 48 Hours – CBS News

Cannabidiol as an antipsychotic. A double-blind, controlled clinical trial on cannabidiol vs. amisulpride in acute schizophrenia.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis and psychosis
Cannabis and psychosis

The Mental Health Risks of Adolescent Cannabis Use
The Mental Health Risks of Adolescent Cannabis Use

Synthetic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol) can improve the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Unbound MEDLINE | Synthetic delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (dronabinol) can improve the symptoms of schizophrenia. Journal article

Parasitic brain infection, endocannabinoids, and schizophrenia.
Unbound MEDLINE | Parasitic brain infection, endocannabinoids, and schizophrenia. Journal article

The role of cannabis in cognitive functioning of patients with schizophrenia.
Unbound MEDLINE | The role of cannabis in cognitive functioning of patients with schizophrenia. Journal article

SICKLE CELL DISEASE

Sickle Cell Disease and Cannabis
AAMC: Those who suffer from sickle-cell disease experience painful episodes or attacks

Marijuana smoking in young adults with sickle cell
Illinois NORML – Cannabis Use Prevalent Among Sickle Cell Patients

Medical use of cannabis in sickle cell disease
Medical use of cannabis in sickle cell disease – Current medical events – Hemp and Medicine – Benvenuti su www.Chanvre-info.ch! Lo specialista dellla canapa (Cannabis) in Svizzera.

Cannabis use in sickle cell disease: a questionnaire study.
Cannabis use in sickle cell disease: a questionnai…[Br J Haematol. 2005] – PubMed Result

SLEEP MODULATION

Cannabidiol, a constituent of Cannabis sativa, modulates sleep in rats. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract

Cannabis-based medicine in central pain in multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Two cannabis based medicinal extracts for relief of central neuropathic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Functional role for cannabinoids in respiratory stability during sleep
AAMC: Functional role for cannabinoids in respiratory stability during sleep

THC reduces sleep apnoea in animal research
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.
Cannabis, pain, and sleep: lessons from therapeutic clinical trials of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicine.

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers. Caloric intake, mood, and sleep.

Effect of illicit recreational drugs upon sleep: Cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana.
Effect of illicit recreational drugs upon sleep: c…[Sleep Med Rev. 2008] – PubMed Result

The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is a wake-inducing agent.
Unbound MEDLINE | The nonpsychoactive cannabis constituent cannabidiol is a wake-inducing agent. Journal article

SMOKED CANNABIS AS A MEDICATION

Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC
Unbound MEDLINE | [Fitness to drive in spite (because) of THC] Journal article

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of smoked marijuana on food intake and body weight
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of smoked marijuana in experimentally induced asthma.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-THC on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects
Acute effects of smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects

The effects of smoked cannabis in painful peripheral neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Inhalation marijuana as an antiemetic for cancer chemotherapy.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Oral vs. Inhaled Cannabinoids for Nausea/Vomiting from Cancer Chemotherapy
Report on New Mexico Cancer/Marijuana Study

Dronabinol and marijuana in HIV-positive marijuana smokers: caloric intake, mood, and sleep.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Epilepsy patients are smoking pot
ASA : Medical marijuana

Anticonvulsant nature of marihuana smoking
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana Smoking vs Cannabinoids for Glaucoma Therapy
Arch Ophthalmol — Abstract: Marijuana Smoking vs Cannabinoids for Glaucoma Therapy, November 1998, Green 116 (11): 1433

Marihuana smoking and intraocular pressure.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

CANNABIS AND MARINOL IN THE TREATMENT OF MIGRAINE HEADACHE
Cannabis and Marinol in the Treatment of Migraine Headache

Marinol vs Natural Cannabis
http://www.norml.org/pdf_files/NORML…l_Cannabis.pdf

Smoked cannabis therapy for HIV-related painful peripheral neuropathy
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana smoking in young adults with sickle cell
Illinois NORML – Cannabis Use Prevalent Among Sickle Cell Patients

Medical use of cannabis in sickle cell disease
Medical use of cannabis in sickle cell disease – Current medical events – Hemp and Medicine – Benvenuti su www.Chanvre-info.ch! Lo specialista dellla canapa (Cannabis) in Svizzera.

Antiemetic efficacy of smoked marijuana: subjective and behavioral effects on nausea induced by syrup of ipecac.
Antiemetic efficacy of smoked marijuana: subjectiv…[Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2001 Jul-Aug] – PubMed Result

Evaluation of herbal cannabis characteristics by medical users: a randomized trial
Evaluation of herbal cannabis characteristics by medical users: a randomized trial

Chronic Cannabis Use in the Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program
AAMC: Chronic Cannabis Use in the Compassionate Investigational New Drug Program

A Randomized, Placebo Controlled Cross-Over Trial of Cannabis Cigarettes in Neuropathic Pain
http://www.cmcr.ucsd.edu/geninfo/Wilsey_2008.pdf

Marijuana Smoking Doesn’t Kill
Marijuana Smoking Doesn’t Kill

SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT

Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.
Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.

Marijuana use motives and social anxiety among marijuana-using young adults.
Marijuana use motives and social anxiety among marijuana-using young adults.

Long-term cannabis use: characteristics of users in an Australian rural area.
Long-term cannabis use: characteristics of users i…[Addiction. 1998] – PubMed Result

SPASTICITY

The treatment of spasticity with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in persons with spinal cord injury.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids in multiple sclerosis
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Sativex produced significant improvements in a subjective measure of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Do cannabis-based medicinal extracts have general or specific effects on symptoms in ms?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Efficacy, safety and tolerability of an oral cannabis extract in the treatment of spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Are oral cannabinoids safe and effective in refractory neuropathic pain?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Experiences with THC-treatment in children and adolescents
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The treatment of spasticity with D9-THC in patients with spinal cord injury
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of orally and rectally administered delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Nabilone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of spasticity in spinal cord injury with dronabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol shows antispastic and analgesic effects
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of cannabinoids on spasticity and ataxia in multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC in the treatment of spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effect of Delta-9-THC on EMG Measurements in Human Spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of delta-9-THC on human spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis effect on spasticity in spinal cord injury.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of human spasticity with delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
` Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marihuana as a therapeutic agent for muscle spasm or spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of marijuana on spinal cord injured males.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Motor effects of delta 9 THC in cerebellar Lurcher mutant mice.
Unbound MEDLINE | Motor effects of delta 9 THC in cerebellar Lurcher mutant mice. Journal article

Cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis
Unbound MEDLINE | Randomized controlled trial of cannabis-based medicine in spasticity caused by multiple sclerosis. Journal article

Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain
Unbound MEDLINE | Low dose treatment with the synthetic cannabinoid Nabilone significantly reduces spasticity-related pain : A double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over trial. Journal article

SPINAL CORD INJURY

The treatment of spasticity with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in persons with spinal cord injury.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Are oral cannabinoids safe and effective in refractory neuropathic pain?
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The treatment of spasticity with D9-THC in patients with spinal cord injury
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC as an alternative therapy for overactive bladders in spinal cord injury
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of orally and rectally administered delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of spasticity in spinal cord injury with dronabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol shows antispastic and analgesic effects
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of delta-9-THC on human spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis effect on spasticity in spinal cord injury.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marihuana as a therapeutic agent for muscle spasm or spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of marijuana on spinal cord injured males.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

STROKE

Cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action
Unbound MEDLINE | Delayed treatment with cannabidiol has a cerebroprotective action via a cannabinoid receptor-independent myeloperoxidase-inhibiting mechanism. Journal article

Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction via hypothalamic-independent hypothermia. Journal article

Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis
The Next Hurrah: Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis

US Patent 6630507 – Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants
Cannabinoids as antioxidants and neuroprotectants – US Patent 6630507 Abstract

TAXONOMY/ GENETICS

History of Cannabis and Its Preparations in Saga, Science and Sobriquet
Wiley InterScience :: Session Cookies

DNA polymorphism detection of Cannabis using amplified fragment length polymorphism
Unbound MEDLINE | [DNA polymorphism detection of Cannabis using amplified fragment length polymorphism] Journal article

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia.
Unbound MEDLINE | Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia. Journal article

Genetic individualization of Cannabis sativa by a short tandem repeat multiplex system
Unbound MEDLINE | Genetic individualization of Cannabis sativa by a short tandem repeat multiplex system. Journal article

TEA AS MEDICINE

Cannabis tea revisited: A systematic evaluation
Cannabis tea revisited: a systematic evaluation of…[J Ethnopharmacol. 2007] – PubMed Result

Cuppa Gives A Better ‘ooh’
Cuppa Gives A Better ‘ooh’: The Hempire – [cannabis, london]

With the use of cannabis tea only a small proportion of THC in the cannabis is ingested
Ohio Patient Network – With the use of cannabis tea only a small proportion of THC in the cannabis is ingested

THC/ TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL

THC is effective in the treatment of tics in Tourette syndrome
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC effective in Tourette-Syndrome
AAMC: THC effective in Tourette-Syndrome

THC effective in Tourette syndrome in a 6-week trial
IACM-Bulletin

Treatment of Tourette’s Syndrome With Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
Treatment of Tourette’s Syndrome With Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol — MÜLLER-VAHL et al. 156 (3): 495 — Am J Psychiatry

THC inhibits primary marker of Alzheimer’s disease
IACM-Bulletin

THC improves appetite and reverses weight loss in AIDS patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of orally administered cannabis extract and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in treating patients with cancer-related anorexia-cachexia syndrome: a multicenter, phase III, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical

THC effective in appetite and weight loss in severe lung disease (COPD)
IACM-Bulletin

The antinociceptive effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the arthritic rat
Unbound MEDLINE | The antinociceptive effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the arthritic rat involves the CB(2) cannabinoid receptor. Journal article

Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat
Unbound MEDLINE | Synergy between Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and morphine in the arthritic rat. Journal article

Bronchial effects of aerosolized delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Bronchodilator effect of delta1-tetrahydrocannabinol administered by aerosol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Effects of smoked marijuana in experimentally induced asthma.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Marijuana and oral delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol on specific airway conductance
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

New Synthetic Delta-9-THC Inhaler Offers Safe, Rapid Delivery
New Synthetic Delta-9-THC Inhaler Offers Safe, Rapid Delivery, Phase I Study

Smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-THC on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects
Acute effects of smoked marijuana and oral delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on specific airway conductance in asthmatic subjects

Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Inhibits Cell Cycle Progression in Human Breast Cancer
{Delta}9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Inhibits Cell Cycle Progression in Human Breast Cancer Cells through Cdc2 Regulation — Caffarel et al. 66 (13): 6615 — Cancer Research

THC and prochlorperazine effective in reducing vomiting in women following breast surgery
IACM-Bulletin

{Delta}9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Apoptosis in Jurkat Leukemia T Cells
Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Apoptosis in Jurkat Leukemia T Cells Is Regulated by Translocation of Bad to Mitochondria — Mol Cancer Res

Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) prevents cerebral infarction via hypothalamic-independent hypothermia. Journal article

Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis
The Next Hurrah: Medical marijuana: study shows that THC slows atherosclerosis

Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol shows antispastic and analgesic effects
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of delta-9-THC on human spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The treatment of spasticity with D9-THC) in patients with spinal cord injury
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC as an alternative therapy for overactive bladders in spinal cord injury
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The effect of orally and rectally administered delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol on spasticity
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The treatment of spasticity with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol in persons with spinal cord injury.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Effects on Psychosis and Cognition
Unbound MEDLINE | An Experimental Study of Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Val(158)Met Moderation of Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Induced Effects on Psychosis and Cognition. Journal article

Marihuana as a therapeutic agent for muscle spasm or spasticity.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Analgesic effect of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The analgesic properties of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and codeine.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

The perceived effects of smoked cannabis on patients with multiple sclerosis.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabis use for chronic non-cancer pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Tetrahydrocannabinol for treatment of chronic pain
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta-9-THC based monotherapy in fibromyalgia patients
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol protects hippocampal neurons from excitotoxicity
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol protects hippocampal neurons from excitotoxicity. Journal article

THC effective in intractable nausea in a patient undergoing gastric bypass surgery
BBSNews – Oral THC Eased Gastric Bypass Nausea

Differential Effects of THC or CBD-rich Cannabis Extracts on Working Memory in Rats
http://www.ukcia.org/research/THCCBDWorkingMemory.pdf

Oral vs. Inhaled Cannabinoids for Nausea/Vomiting from Cancer Chemotherapy
Report on New Mexico Cancer/Marijuana Study

Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannibinol as an Antiemetic in Cancer Patients Receiving High-Dose Methotrexate
Inhaled THC Produces Better Blood Levels than THC by Mouth

Neurocognitive performance during acute THC intoxication in heavy and occasional cannabis users.
Neurocognitive performance during acute THC intoxi…[J Psychopharmacol. 2009] – PubMed Result

Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Divergent effects of cannabidiol on the discriminative stimulus and place conditioning effects of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol

The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin
The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin

Effects of marihuana in laboratory animals and in man
Effects of marihuana in laboratory animals and in man

Cannabidiol and (−)Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants
Cannabidiol and (&#x02212Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol are neuroprotective antioxidants

The good and the bad effects of (−) trans-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) on humans
ScienceDirect – Toxicon : The good and the bad effects of (&#x2212 trans-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) on humans

Cannabinoid action induces autophagymediated cell death through stimulation of ER stress in human glioma cells.
Unbound MEDLINE | Cannabinoid action induces autophagymediated cell death through stimulation of ER stress in human glioma cells. Journal article

Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Unbound MEDLINE | Effects of {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol on reward and anxiety in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable stress. Journal article

Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after THC.
Cerebellar activity and disturbed time sense after…[Brain Res. 1998] – PubMed Result

THC ACID/ THCA

Production of THC acid by the biosynthetic enzyme secreted from transgenic Pichia pastoris.
Production of Delta(1)-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid by the biosynthetic enzyme secreted from transgenic Pichia pastoris.

TETRAHYDROCANNABOVARIN/ THCV

The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin
The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Δ9-tetrahydrocannabivarin

Plant cannabinoids: a neglected pharmacological treasure trove
Plant cannabinoids: a neglected pharmacological treasure trove

Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: results of a clinical study
Unbound MEDLINE | Delta9-tetrahydrocannabivarin as a marker for the ingestion of marijuana versus Marinol: results of a clinical study. Journal article

TOBACCO VS CANNABIS

Cannabis Smoke and Cancer: Assessing the Risk
Cannabis Smoke and Cancer: Assessing the Risk – NORML

Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic
Cannabis and tobacco smoke are not equally carcinogenic

Smoking Marijuana Does Not Cause Lung Cancer
US: Web: Study: Smoking Marijuana Does Not Cause Lung Cancer

Tobacco and marijuana use on offspring growth from birth through 3 years of age.
The effects of prenatal tobacco and marijuana use …[Neurotoxicol Teratol. 1992 Nov-Dec] – PubMed Result

Progression from marijuana use to daily smoking and nicotine dependence
Erowid.org: Erowid Reference 6951 : Progression from marijuana use to daily smoking and nicotine dependence in a national sample of U.S. adolescents : Timberlake DS, Haberstick BC, Hopfer CJ, Bricker J, Sakai JT, Lessem JM, Hewitt JK

High anxieties – What the WHO doesn’t want you to know about cannabis
High anxieties – What the WHO doesn’t want you to know about cannabis – 21 February 1998 – New Scientist

Radioactive tobacco
Lycaeum > Leda > Radioactive Tobacco

Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.
Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.

Cannabis use when it’s legal
ScienceDirect – Addictive Behaviors : Cannabis use when it’s legal

Aluminum in Tobacco and Cannabis and Smoking-Related Disease
ScienceDirect – The American Journal of Medicine : Aluminum in Tobacco and Cannabis and Smoking-Related Disease

Marijuana Improves Fertility in Tobacco Smokers
Marijuana Improves Fertility in Tobacco Smokers – Nicotine is antagonist to cannabinoids in human sperm – Softpedia

Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts.
Unbound MEDLINE | Comparison of subjective, pharmacokinetic, and physiological effects of marijuana smoked as joints and blunts. Journal article

A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users
Unbound MEDLINE | A comparison of drug use and dependence between blunt smokers and other cannabis users. Journal article

TOLERANCE

A Molecular Basis of Analgesic Tolerance to Cannabinoids
A Molecular Basis of Analgesic Tolerance to Cannabinoids — Tappe-Theodor et al. 27 (15): 4165 — Journal of Neuroscience

TOURETTE’S SYNDROME

Treatment of Tourette’s Syndrome With Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
Treatment of Tourette’s Syndrome With Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol — MÜLLER-VAHL et al. 156 (3): 495 — Am J Psychiatry

THC is effective in the treatment of tics in Tourette syndrome
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Treatment of Tourette’s syndrome with Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

Cannabinoids: possible role in patho-physiology and therapy of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports

THC effective in Tourette-Syndrome
AAMC: THC effective in Tourette-Syndrome

THC effective in Tourette syndrome in a 6-week trial
IACM-Bulletin

Cannabinoids reduce symptoms of Tourette’s syndrome.
Cannabinoids reduce symptoms of Tourette’s syndrom…[Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2003] – PubMed Result

Effective treatment of Tourette’s syndrome with marijuana.
Clinical Studies and Case Reports


ULCERATIVE COLITIS- see CROHN’S


VAPORIZERS- see METHODS OF USE- VAPORIZERS

VISION- see GLAUCOMA

WILSON’S DISEASE

Cannabis sativa and dystonia secondary to Wilson’s disease. (may need free registration)
http://www.medscape.com/medline/abstract/15390041

WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

Excerpt from the Merck Manual
Excerpt from the Merck Manual

Pot, Tobacco Withdrawal Equally Rough
Pot, Tobacco Withdrawal Equally Rough

A Within-Subject Comparison of Withdrawal Symptoms During Abstinence From Cannabis, Tobacco, and Both Substances
A Within-Subject Comparison of Withdrawal Symptoms During Abstinence From Cannabis, Tobacco, and Both Substances

Chemotaxonomic Analysis of Cannabis

ABSTRACT
 TOP
 ABSTRACT
 INTRODUCTION
 MATERIALS AND METHODS
 RESULTS
 DISCUSSION
 LITERATURE CITED

Cannabinoids are important chemotaxonomic markers unique toCannabis. Previous studies show that a plant’s dry-weight ratioof {Delta}9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) to cannabidiol (CBD) can beassigned to one of three chemotypes and that alleles BD andBT encode alloenzymes that catalyze the conversion of cannabigerolto CBD and THC, respectively. In the present study, the frequenciesof BD and BT in sample populations of 157 Cannabis accessionswere determined from CBD and THC banding patterns, visualizedby starch gel electrophoresis. Gas chromatography was used toquantify cannabinoid levels in 96 of the same accessions. Thedata were interpreted with respect to previous analyses of geneticand morphological variation in the same germplasm collection.Two biotypes (infraspecific taxa of unassigned rank) of C. sativaand four biotypes of C. indica were recognized. Mean THC levelsand the frequency of BT were significantly higher in C. indicathan C. sativa. The proportion of high THC/CBD chemotype plantsin most accessions assigned to C. sativa was <25% and inmost accessions assigned to C. indica was >25%. Plants withrelatively high levels of tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and/orcannabidivarin (CBDV) were common only in C. indica. This studysupports a two-species concept of Cannabis.

Key Words: cannabinoid • Cannabis • chemotaxonomy • evolution • genetics • taxonomy • tetrahydrocannabinol

Montana Biotech Home Page

 

 

Granny Storm Crow’s List’s Short-Cuts:

ADD /ADHD, Medical Marijuana and its potential Treatment.

Addiction Risk-Physical of using Medical Marijuana.

Alcoholism and Medical Marijuana.

ALS, Lou Gehrig’s Disease Medical Cannabis Therapy

Cannabis Marijuana Use and AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME

Alzheimer’s Disease Progression Prevention Cannabinoids

ANTI-BACTERIAL PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol, Cannabichromene, Cannabigerol, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Cannabinol

ASTHMA Medical Cannabis / Marijuana and Cannabinoids Effects on Bronchodilation

Autism the Use of Medical Cannabis Marijuana Derived Cannabinoids for Treatment of Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Mood Stabilizing Effects of Medical Cannabis Derived Cannabinoids THC, CBD Treatments and Therapeutic Potential of Marijuana

 

ADD /ADHD, Medical Marijuana and its potential Treatment.

Addiction Risk-Physical of using Medical Marijuana.

Alcoholism and Medical Marijuana.

ALS, Lou Gehrig’s Disease Medical Cannabis Therapy

Cannabis Marijuana Use and AMOTIVATIONAL SYNDROME

Alzheimer’s Disease Progression Prevention Cannabinoids

Medical Cannabis Marijuana and ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids

ANTI-BACTERIAL PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol, Cannabichromene, Cannabigerol, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Cannabinol

Medical Cannabis Marijuana and ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES of Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids, Cannabidiol CBD, Cannabichromene CBC, Cannabigerol CBG, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol THC, Cannabinol CBN and Cannabis Marijuana Antioxidant Properties

Cannabis Marijuana and ANXIOLYTIC, Also Known as Antipanic or Antianxiety Agents, EFFECTS of CBD Cannabidiol for Treatment of Anxiety

APPETITE STIMULANT Medical Marijuana Cannabis and It’s Effects on Hunger the Munchies

ARTHRITIS Cannabis Marijuana and the Effects of Cannabinoids for Treatment

ASTHMA Medical Cannabis / Marijuana and Cannabinoids Therapeutic Effects on Bronchodilation

Cannabinoinds Therapeutic Effects on ATHEROSCLEROSIS, Medical Cannabis Marijuana Research Cannabidiol THC

Exploring the Endocannabinoid System Cannabinoids and their Therapeutic Potentials

BRAIN INJURIES and the NEUROPROTECTANT Properties and Therapeutic Effects of Medical Cannabis Marijuana Cannabinoids Tetrahydrocannabinol THC and Cannabidiol CBD

Breast Cancer Antitumor Effects Inhibition of Cancer Cell Proliferation and Treatment Using Medical Cannabis Marijuana Derived Cannabinoids Tetrahydrocannabinol Cannabidiol Cannabigerol Cannabichromene Cannabidiol Acid and THC Acid

Gas v. Liquid Chromatography

Gas chromatography and liquid chromatography differ in one way that is important to the analysis of cannabinoids. Gas chromatography uses heat and liquid chromatography does not. Heat allows the sample of marijuana to go through a chemical process called decarboxylation, which is a necessary step to determine the exact amount of CBD and THC that can be absorbed into the body. The body will not absorb marijuana that has not been decarboxylated, which is why prior to a patients use marijuana is always exposed to heat. Marijuana is decarboxylated either through smoking, vaporizing, or cooking butter.

Analyzing medical marijuana without decarboxylation, like through liquid chromatography, allows only for the measurement of the maximum THC and CBD possible in a sample. This produces high numbers that are not useful to patients because they will need to decarboxylze marijuana in order to feel its effects.

This is why Gas Chromatography has been the meathod of choice for the quantification of cannabinoids by both the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the National Institue on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

NIDA Peer Reviewed Method:

GC–MS Analysis of the Total 9-THC Content of Both Drug- and Fiber-Type Cannabis Seeds

Authors: Ross S.A.1; Mehmedic Z.2; Murphy T.P.3; ElSohly M.A.4

Source: Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Volume 24, Number 8, November/December 2000 , pp. 715-717(3)

Publisher: Preston Publications

Abstract:

A GC–MS method was performed to determine the total 9-THC content in both drug– and fiber-type cannabis seeds. Drug-type seeds were found to contain much higher levels of 9-THC (35.6–124 g/g) than fiber (hemp) seeds (0–12 g/g). The majority of 9-THC was found to be located on the surface of the seeds. Approximately 90% of the total 9-THC was removed by a simple, quick wash with chloroform. Washed drug-type seeds contained less than 10 g/g. Separation of the seeds into the kernel and testa showed that the bulk of 9-THC is located in the testa, mainly on the outside. The kernels of drug- and fiber-type cannabis seeds contained less than 2 and 0.5 g 9-THC/g seeds, respectively. Fluctuations in the 9-THC content of different replicates of the same type of seeds could be the result of the degree of contamination on the outside of the seeds.

Language: English

Document Type:

Affiliations: 1: National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677 and Departments of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, Uni 2: National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677 3: ElSohly Laboratories, Incorporated (ELI), 5 Industrial Park Drive, Oxford, MS 38655 4: National Center for Natural Products Research, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677 and Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, Univ

Publication date: 2000-11-01

UNODC Peer Reviewed Method:

UN methods for THC testing

1. Introduction
1.1 Background

Cannabis products are the most widely trafficked drugs worldwide, accounting for 65 per cent of all global seizure cases (1.65 million cases) in 2006. 5,200 metric tons of herb and 1,000 metric tons of resin were seized in 2006. Practically all countries in the world are affected by cannabis trafficking. Similarly, cannabis also remains the most widely used drug worldwide, with an estimated 166 million people having used cannabis in 2006, equivalent to some 4 percent of the global population aged 15-64.

At the same time, especially since the end of the last century, production methods have become increasingly sophisticated, resulting in the availability in illicit markets of a wide range of cannabis products with widely varying levels of the main psychoactive ingredient, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Most recently, there has lso been a renewed debate about increasing THC content (frequently referred to as “potency”) in illicit cannabis products. All of this requires analytical data which are comparable between laboratories and over time.

However, most countries do not require by law the detailed analysis of the THC content of the different products, and where such analyses are carried out, they use a variety of approaches and experimental designs, reducing the comparability of results. For example, the conversion of natural constituents, such as tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), by both smoking and under certain analytical conditions into THC, and how this should be reflected in the analytical report, are issues which are not yet standardized worldwide.

On the technological side, the analysis of cannabis products is further complicated by the relatively restricted availability of pure or well defined reference material of THC and other cannabinoids.* The present manual is an updated and significantly revised version of the manual on “Recommended methods for testing cannabis” (ST/NAR/8), which was published in 1987. It has been prepared taking into account both developments in analytical technology and advances in the science of cannabis, and with a view to providing the analytical basis for an objective discussion about changes in THC content over time, and differences between regions and products.

 

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